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Table 5 Indicators (mean ± SD) of outpatient medicines prescribing for routine adult outpatient consultations*

From: Availability and use of essential medicines in China: manufacturing, supply, and prescribing in Shandong and Gansu provinces

  Shandong Gansu
Hospital level (number of Rx) Primary Secondary Tertiary Primary Secondary Tertiary
  (982) (1687) (800) (414) (1078) (495)
Average number of medicines/Rx 3.2 ± 0.7 2.5 ± 0.4 2.0 ± 0.3 5.3 ± 2.0 3.9 ± 1.1 2.6 ± 0.5
Average cost/Rx (RMB) ** 38.6 ± 19.3 78.7 ± 27.5 101.3 ± 34.1 34.4 ± 28.3 48.2 ± 23.8 76.3 ± 16.0
% Rx with EM 72.5 ± 30.3 73.3 ± 19.3 63.8 ± 15.5 85.6 ± 25.3 78.1 ± 15.0 70.0 ± 13.1
% Rx with reimbursable medicines 76.4 ± 33.2 78.0 ± 17.0 79.3 ± 6.4 83.7 ± 26.3 77.4 ± 14.7 80.2 ± 12.7
% Rx with antibiotics 53.9 ± 9.1 45.9 ± 11.9 33.6 ± 14.0 77.2 ± 18.5 59.6 ± 8.7 40.7 ± 6.0
% Rx with injections 41.7 ± 11.2 31.8 ± 16.3 27.4 ± 16.3 61.1 ± 28.5 36.6 ± 14.0 22.3 ± 9.4
  1. Rx = prescription
  2. * Pediatric, adult emergency care, and infectious disease clinic consultations were excluded
  3. ** On Jan 1, 2007, near the time of the survey, the conversion rate was RMB 7.80 to USD 1.00.