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Table 3 Prescribed drug underutilization for diabetes mellitus, COPD and musculoskeletal disorders, assessed by multiple logistic regression (Odds Ratios and 95% Confidence Intervals).

From: Underutilization of prescribed drugs use among first generation elderly immigrants in the Netherlands

  Underutilization of drugs for DM (N = 274) Underutilization of drugs for COPD (N = 161) Underutilization of drugs for musculo skeletal disorders (N = 483)
Need factors & basic demographics    
   No. of self-rated chronic conditions (cf. prespecified list; range 0 - 11) 0.74 (0.56-0.98)* 1.03 (0.76-1.40) 0.78 (0.64-0.93)**
   Self-rated mental health (range: 0 to 100; a higher score represents better mental health) 0.98 (0.96-1.01) 0.99 (0.97-1.03) 1.01 (0.99-1.03)
   Male 1.19 (0.63-2.24) 1.03 (0.49-2.14) 1.40 (0.87-2.25)
   Age (years) 0.99 (0.96-1.02) 1.03 (0.99-1.07) 1.00 (0.97-1.02)
Enabling factors    
   Educational level (no/primary education vs secondary and higher education) 0.53 (0.22-1.24) 0.68 (0.27-1.72) 1.04 (0.45-1.59)
   Standardized net household income (Euros) 1.00 (0.99-1.01) 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 1.00 (0.99-1.01)
Predisposing factors    
   Good Dutch language proficiency 0.66 (0.43-0.996)* 0.85 (0.50-1.43) 0.88 (0.62-1.23)
   Modern attitudes on care for family 0.71 (0.43-1.16) 0.72 (0.42-1.23) 0.92 (0.64-1.33)
   Modern attitudes on male-female roles 1.69 (1.08-2.66)* 1.07 (0.66-1.76) 1.32 (0.94-1.84)
   Modern attitudes on family values 1.57 (0.89-2.75) 1.05 (0.58-1.89) 0.96 (0.64-1.46)
   Religiosity 1.04 (0.86-1.30) 1.05 (0.83-1.34) 0.93 (0.80-1.08)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001