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Table 3 Quality Indicators, derived from RAI-MDS 2.0, tested by Abt Associates Inc.

From: The Resident Assessment Instrument-Minimum Data Set 2.0 quality indicators: a systematic review

  Indicator
  Percent of residents with inappropriate behavior (high risk and low risk)**
Prevalence Percent of residents with inappropriate behavior (high risk)
  Percent of residents with inappropriate behavior (low risk)
  Percent of residents engaging in little or no activity
  Percent of residents with indwelling catheters*
  Percent of residents who are bladder or bowel incontinent (high and low risk; high risk; low risk)*
  Percent of residents with a urinary tract infection*
  Percent of residents who have fallen
  Percent of residents with infections*
  Percent of residents with a feeding tube
  Percent of residents with a low BMI
  Percent of residents who have unexplained weight loss**
  Percent of residents with pain*
  Percent of residents with pressure sores (high and low risk)*
  Percent of residents with pressure sores (high risk)*
  Percent of residents with pressure sores (low risk)
  Percent of residents with burns, skin tears or cuts
  Percent of residents in physical restraints
  Percent of residents on antipsychotics without a diagnosis of psychosis (high risk and low risk)**
  Percent of residents on antipsychotics without a diagnosis of psychosis (high risk)
  Percent of residents on antipsychotics without a diagnosis of psychosis (low risk)
Incidence Percent of residents who had an unexpected loss of function in some basic daily activities*
  Percent of residents with worsening function in some basic daily activities*
  Percent of residents who have improved in their ability to function
  Percent of residents who have declined in their ability to locomote*
  Percent of residents who walk as well or better than the previous assessment*
  Percent of residents whose cognitive ability has worsened
  Percent of residents whose ability to communicate has worsened
  Percent of residents with symptoms of delirium
  Percent of residents whose behavior has worsened**
  Percent of residents who have become more depressed or anxious
  Percent of residents with a new indwelling catheter
  Percent of residents with worsening bowel continence
  Percent of residents with worsening bladder continence*
  Percent of residents with worsening pain
  Percent of residents with worsening pressure sores**
  1. * Found to have the highest level of validity and highly recommended by Abt Associates for use by CMS and nursing homes
  2. ** Rejection of these quality indicators was recommended by Abt Associates at the time of the research