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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of respondents.

From: Measuring patient safety culture in Taiwan using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC)

  Overall
(%)
Supervisor
(%)
Non
-supervisor
(%)
  Overall
(%)
Supervisor
(%)
Non-supervisor
(%)
Hospital level     Work unit/department    
Medical center hospital 189 (24.0%) 54
(17.7%)
135
(28.0%)
Physician    
Regional hospital 293
(37.2%)
120
(39.2%)
173
(35.9%)
   Surgery a 45
(19.6%)
38
(19.7%)
7
(19.0%)
Community hospital 306
(38.8%)
132
(43.1%)
174
(36.1%)
   Medicine b 140
(60.8%)
124
(64.2%)
16
(43.2%)
Gender        Cross unit 45
(19.6%)
31
(16.1%)
14
(37.8%)
Male 207
(26.3%)
170
(55.6%)
37
(7.7%)
Nurse    
Female 581
(73.7%)
136
(44.4%)
445
(92.3%)
   Surgery a 96
(20.1%)
27
(37.5%)
69
(17.0%)
Staff position     Obstetrics/
baby room
5
(1.0%)
0
(0%)
5
(1.2%)
Physician 230
(29.2%)
193
(63.1%)
37
(7.7%)
   General ward 174
(36.4%)
25
(34.7%)
149
(36.7%)
Nurse 478
(60.6%)
72
(23.5%)
406
(84.2%)
Outpatient
department
85
(17.8%)
3
(4.2%)
82
(20.2%)
Administrator 80
(10.2%)
41
(13.4%)
39
(8.1%)
   Cross unit 118
(24.7%)
17
(23.6%)
101
(24.9%)
Education level     Administrator    
High school 26
(3.3%)
4
(1.3%)
22
(4.6%)
   Indirect to patient c 74
(92.5%)
37
(94.9%)
37
(90.2%)
Junior college 102
(12.9%)
10
(3.3%)
92
(19.1%)
   Direct to patient d 6
(7.5%)
2
(5.1%)
4
(9.8%)
College/university 597
(75.8%)
241
(78.8%)
358
(74.3%)
    
Master 59
(7.5%)
47
(15.3%)
10
(2.0%)
    
PhD 4
(0.5%)
4
(1.3%)
0
(0%)
    
Working time in hospital     Working hours per week    
Less than 1 year 81
(10.3%)
17
(5.6%)
64
(13.3%)
Less than 20 hours 18
(2.3%)
12
(3.9%)
6
(1.2%)
1 to 5 years 407
(51.6%)
134
(43.8%)
273
(56.6%)
20 to 39 hours 108
(13.7%)
57
(18.6%)
51
(10.6%)
6 to 10 years 151
(19.2%)
67
(21.9%)
84
(17.4%)
40 to 59 hours 573
(72.7%)
193
(63.1%)
380
(78.8%)
11 to 15 years 87
(11.0%)
51
(16.7%)
36
(7.5%)
60 to 79 hours 63
(8.0%)
31
(10.1%)
32
(6.7%)
16-20 years 34
(4.3%)
20
(6.5%)
14
(2.9%)
80 to 99 hours 11
(1.4%)
5
(1.7%)
6
(1.2%)
21 years or more 28
(3.6%)
17
(5.5%)
11
(2.3%)
More than 100 hours 15
(1.9%)
8
(2.6%)
7
(1.5%)
Patient safety training (in hospital)     Patient safety training (outside hospital)    
Yes 621
(78.8%)
227
(74.2%)
394
(81.7%)
Yes 360
(45.7%)
177
(57.8%)
183
(38.0%)
No 167
(21.2%)
79
(25.8%)
88
(18.3%)
No 428
(54.3%)
129
(42.2%)
299
(62.0%)
Adverse event report system set-up     Patient safety department set-up    
Yes 758
(96.2%)
293
(95.8%)
465
(96.5%)
Yes 690
(87.6%)
278
(90.8%)
412
(85.5%)
No 9
(1.1%)
6
(2.0%)
3
(0.6%)
No 35
(4.4%)
11
(3.6%)
24
(5.0%)
Not sure 21
(2.7%)
7
(2.2%)
14
(2.9%)
Not sure 63
(8.0%)
17
(5.6%)
46
(9.5%)
Level of position        
Supervisor 306
(38.8%)
- -     
Non-supervisor 482
(61.2%)
- -     
  1. a: Include surgery, ER and ICU.
  2. b: Include internal, medicine, obstetrics, pediatrics, family medicine, and psychiatry.
  3. c: Include information, human resource management, finance, secretary, and general affairs.
  4. d: Include front desk, medical record department, and medical affairs.