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  1. A number of approaches have been used to grade levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations. The use of many different approaches detracts from one of the main reasons for having explicit approaches:...

    Authors: David Atkins, Martin Eccles, Signe Flottorp, Gordon H Guyatt, David Henry, Suzanne Hill, Alessandro Liberati, Dianne O'Connell, Andrew D Oxman, Bob Phillips, Holger Schünemann, Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Gunn E Vist and John W Williams Jr

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:38

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Priority setting is one of the most difficult issues facing hospitals because of funding restrictions and changing patient need. A deadly communicable disease outbreak, such as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syn...

    Authors: Jennifer AH Bell, Sylvia Hyland, Tania DePellegrin, Ross EG Upshur, Mark Bernstein and Douglas K Martin

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:36

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Preventive home visits to elderly people by public health nurses aim to maintain or improve the functional status of elderly and reduce the use of institutional care services. A number of trials that investiga...

    Authors: Ans Nicolaides-Bouman, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis IJM Kempen and Paul Knipschild

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Direct admission to Coronary Care Unit (CCU) on hospital arrival can be considered as a good proxy for adequate management in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), as it has been associated with bet...

    Authors: Carla Ancona, Massimo Arcà, Carlo Saitto, Nera Agabiti, Danilo Fusco, Valeria Tancioni and Carlo A Perucci

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:34

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Self-reported information has commonly been used to monitor mammography utilization across populations and time periods. However, longitudinal investigations regarding the prevalence and determinants of incons...

    Authors: Christina M Bancej, Colleen J Maxwell and Judy Snider

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:32

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Postal questionnaires are an economical and simple method of data collection for research purposes but are subject to non-response bias. Several studies have explored the effect of monetary and non-monetary in...

    Authors: LM Roberts, S Wilson, A Roalfe and P Bridge

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:30

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Smoking in pregnancy is a public health problem and effective methods for reducing this are required. Although nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is effective for smoking cessation in non-pregnant people, ther...

    Authors: Tim Coleman, Marilyn Antoniak, John Britton, Jim Thornton, Sarah Lewis and Kim Watts

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:29

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The quality control of oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) during the initiation and maintenance treatment is generally poor. Physicians' ordering of OAT (especially fluindione and warfarin) can be improved by dose ...

    Authors: Isabelle Colombet, Alessandra Bura-Rivière, Rémy Chatila, Gilles Chatellier and Pierre Durieux

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. It is not currently known what is the patient's viewpoint of a "good" physician. We set out to define patient's priorities regarding different physician's attributes in 3 domains important in medical care.

    Authors: Ami Schattner, Dan Rudin and Navah Jellin

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:26

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Patients' trust in physicians and in the medical profession is vital for a successful patient-physician relationship. Trust is especially salient in critical medical situations, such as serious side-effects, h...

    Authors: Rahul A Shenolikar, Rajesh Balkrishnan and Mark A Hall

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:24

    Content type: Research article

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  11. We describe a simple approach we used to identify barriers and tailor an intervention to improve pharmacological management of hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia. We also report the results of a post hoc e...

    Authors: Atle Fretheim, Andrew D Oxman and Signe Flottorp

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:23

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The reduced number of hospital beds and an ageing population have resulted in growing demands for home nursing. We know very little about the comprehensive care of these patients. The objectives were to identi...

    Authors: Sonja Modin and Anna-Karin Furhoff

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:22

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a widely used class of therapy in the treatment of chronic pain and inflammation. The drugs are effective and can be relatively inexpensive thanks...

    Authors: Malcolm Doupe, Alan Katz, Brent Kvern, Lori-Jean Manness, Colleen Metge, Glen TD Thomson, Laura Morrison and Kat Rother

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:21

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. In 2002, the World Health Organization published a health system performance ranking for 191 member countries. The ranking was based on five indicators, with fixed weights common to all countries.

    Authors: Jeremy A Lauer, CA Knox Lovell, Christopher JL Murray and David B Evans

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:19

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The improvement of the quality of the evidence used in treatment decision-making is especially important in the case of patients with complicated disease processes such as HIV/AIDS for which multiple treatment...

    Authors: Kasia E Stefanski, C Shawn Tracy and Ross EG Upshur

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:18

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Previous studies of methods to increase response rates on international postal surveys did not include providing return postage. We provided International Postage Vouchers – "Coupon-Réponse International" to c...

    Authors: Cheryl Carling

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:16

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Response rates to postal questionnaires are falling and this threatens the external validity of survey findings. We wanted to establish whether the incentive of being entered into a prize draw to win a persona...

    Authors: Sharon H Moses and T Justin Clark

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:14

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Despite broad agreement on the necessity to improve quality of diabetic care through implementation of clinical guidelines, in Italy many people with diabetes still lack adequate care in general practice. In a...

    Authors: Carla Perria

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. It has been proposed that greater availability of primary medical care practitioners (GPs) contributes to better population health. We evaluated whether measures of the supply and structure of primary medical ...

    Authors: Martin C Gulliford, Ruth H Jack, Geoffrey Adams and Obioha C Ukoumunne

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:12

    Content type: Research article

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  20. This trial aims to investigate the effectiveness and cost implications of 'pharmaceutical care' provided by community pharmacists to elderly patients in the community. As the UK government has proposed that by...

    Authors: I Wong, P Campion, S Coulton, B Cross, H Edmondson, A Farrin, G Hill, A Hilton, Z Philips, S Richmond and I Russell

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. The assessment of the impact of healthcare interventions may help commissioners of healthcare services to make optimal decisions. This can be particularly the case if the impact assessment relates to specific ...

    Authors: Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Gary A Cook, Patrick McElduff, Daniel Havely, Richard Edwards and Richard F Heller

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:10

    Content type: Research article

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  22. We sought to develop a more reliable structured implicit chart review instrument for use in assessing the quality of care for chronic disease and to examine if ratings are more reliable for conditions in which...

    Authors: Timothy P Hofer, Steven M Asch, Rodney A Hayward, Lisa V Rubenstein, Mary M Hogan, John Adams and Eve A Kerr

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The interface between primary care and specialist medical services is an important domain for health services research and policy. Of particular concern is optimising specialist services and the organisation o...

    Authors: Russell L Gruen, Stephanie Knox, Helena Britt and Ross S Bailie

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:8

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) has produced guidelines on the early management of head injury. This study audits the process of the management of patients with head injury presenting at ...

    Authors: Lucy Miller, Ruth M Kent and Alan Tennant

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:7

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The aim of this project was to assess whether outreach visits would improve the implementation of evidence based clinical practice in the area of falls reduction and stroke prevention in a residential care set...

    Authors: Maria Crotty, Craig Whitehead, Debra Rowett, Julie Halbert, David Weller, Paul Finucane and Adrian Esterman

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:6

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac dysrhythmia, particularly in the elderly. Recent studies have indicated a statistically significant seasonal component to atrial fibrillation hospitalizations.

    Authors: Ross EG Upshur, Rahim Moineddin, Eric J Crighton and Muhammad Mamdani

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:5

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Length of stay (LOS) is an important indicator of efficiency for inpatient care but it does not achieve an adequate performance if it is not adjusted for the case mix of the patients hospitalized during the pe...

    Authors: Rosa E Jiménez, Rosa M Lam, Milagros Marot and Ariel Delgado

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:4

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In this study we examined the influence of type of insurance and the influence of managed care in particular, on the length of stay decisions physicians make and on variation in medical practice.

    Authors: Judith D de Jong, Gert P Westert, Cheryl M Noetscher and Peter P Groenewegen

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:3

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In the U.S. small-area health services research studies are often based on the hospital service areas (HSAs) defined by the Dartmouth Atlas of Healthcare project. These areas are based on the geographic origin...

    Authors: Mark F Guagliardo, Kathleen A Jablonski, Jill G Joseph and David C Goodman

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:2

    Content type: Technical advance

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  30. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is defined by symptoms and disability, has no confirmatory physical signs or characteristic laboratory abnormalities, and the etiology and pathophysiology remain unknown. Difficu...

    Authors: William C Reeves, Andrew Lloyd, Suzanne D Vernon, Nancy Klimas, Leonard A Jason, Gijs Bleijenberg, Birgitta Evengard, Peter D White, Rosane Nisenbaum and Elizabeth R Unger

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:25

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Research has shown that many healthcare professionals have problems with guidelines as they would prefer to be given all relevent information relevent to decision-making rather than being told what they should...

    Authors: Giulio Formoso, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Nonino, Pietro Dri, Antonio Addis, Nello Martini and Alessandro Liberati

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:24

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements designed to assist in patient and physician clinical decision making for specific clinical circumstances. In order to establish which guidel...

    Authors: Melissa C Brouwers, Alexandra Chambers and James Perry

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:23

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Biomedical research constantly produces new findings but these are not routinely translated into health care practice. One way to address this problem is to develop effective interventions to translate researc...

    Authors: Anne E Walker, Jeremy Grimshaw, Marie Johnston, Nigel Pitts, Nick Steen and Martin Eccles

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. A survey was carried out in the Grampian region of Scotland with a random sample of 10,000 adults registered with a General Practitioner in Grampian. The study complied with new legislation requiring a two-sta...

    Authors: Val C Angus, Vikki A Entwistle, Margaret J Emslie, Kim A Walker and Jane E Andrew

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:21

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In the US, Quality Indicators (QI's) profiling and comparing the performance of hospitals, health plans, nursing homes and physicians are routinely published for consumer review. We report the results of the l...

    Authors: Vincent Mor, Joseph Angelelli, Richard Jones, Jason Roy, Terry Moore and John Morris

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:20

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Obesity treatment is notoriously unsuccessful and one of the barriers to successful weight loss reported by patients is a lack of social support. The Internet offers a novel and fast approach to the delivery o...

    Authors: Sara FL Kirk, Emma L Harvey, Aine McConnon, Jennie E Pollard, Darren C Greenwood, James D Thomas and Joan K Ransley

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:19

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. All clinical practice guidelines recommend thiazides as a first-choice drug for the management of uncomplicated hypertension. Thiazides are also the lowest priced antihypertensive drugs. Despite this, the use ...

    Authors: Atle Fretheim, Morten Aaserud and Andrew D Oxman

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:18

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Low back pain has major health and social implications. Although there have been many randomised controlled trials of manipulation and exercise for the management of low back pain, the role of these two treatm...

    Authors:

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:16

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Interventions to improve delivery of preventive medical services have been shown to be effective in North America and the UK. However, there are few studies of the extent to which the impact of such interventi...

    Authors: Ross S Bailie, Samantha J Togni, Damin Si, Gary Robinson and Peter HN d'Abbs

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:15

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The term "evidence-based medicine" (or EBM) was introduced about ten years ago, and there has been considerable debate about the value of EBM. However, this debate has sometimes been obscured by a lack of conc...

    Authors: Scott R Sehon and Donald E Stanley

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:14

    Content type: Debate

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