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  1. Although the general association between socioeconomic status (SES) and hospitalization has been well established, few studies have considered the relationship between SES and hospital length of stay (LOS), an...

    Authors: Margaret J McGregor, Robert J Reid, Michael Schulzer, J Mark Fitzgerald, Adrian R Levy and Michelle B Cox
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:152
  2. Given the public-private mix of the Greek health system, the purpose of this study was to assess whether variations in the utilisation of health services, both primary and inpatient care, were associated with ...

    Authors: Evelina Pappa and Dimitris Niakas
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:146
  3. Adherence to clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of specific illnesses may result in unexpected outcomes, given that multiple therapies must often be given to patients with diverse medical condition...

    Authors: Manfred Stommel, Ade Olomu, Margaret Holmes-Rovner, William Corser and Joseph C Gardiner
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:140
  4. The GRADE method represents a new approach to grading the quality of evidence and strength of recommendations in the preparation of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG). In the context of a pilot study to assess...

    Authors: Carlos Calderón, Rafael Rotaeche, Arritxu Etxebarria, Mercé Marzo, Rosa Rico and Marta Barandiaran
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:138
  5. Researchers are increasingly required to describe the impact of their work, e.g. in grant proposals, project reports, press releases and research assessment exercises. Specialised impact assessment studies can...

    Authors: Shyama Kuruvilla, Nicholas Mays, Andrew Pleasant and Gill Walt
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:134
  6. The study is part of a nationwide evaluation of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in primary care in Switzerland. The goal was to evaluate the extent and structure of basic health insurance expendit...

    Authors: Andre Busato, Reiner Eichenberger and Beat Künzi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:132
  7. Millions of veterans are eligible to use the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and Medicare because of their military service and age. This article examines whether an indirect measure of dual use based on ...

    Authors: Fredric D Wolinsky, Thomas R Miller, Hyonggin An, Paul R Brezinski, Thomas E Vaughn and Gary E Rosenthal
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:131
  8. The dichotomy employed vs. unemployed is still a relevant, but rather crude measure of status in current labour markets. Also, studies concerning the association of employment status with health have to specif...

    Authors: Pekka Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera and Markku Koskenvuo
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:123
  9. Low utilization of effective coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention strategies may be due to many factors, but chief among them is the lack of patient involvement in prevention decisions. We undertook this st...

    Authors: Stacey L Sheridan, John Shadle, Ross J Simpson Jr and Michael P Pignone
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:121
  10. In general cantons regulate and control the Swiss health service system; patient flows within and between cantons are thereby partially disregarded. This paper develops an alternative spatial model, based upon...

    Authors: Klazien Matter-Walstra, Marcel Widmer and André Busato
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:119
  11. Accreditation has become ubiquitous across the international health care landscape. Award of full accreditation status in health care is viewed, as it is in other sectors, as a valid indicator of high quality ...

    Authors: Jeffrey Braithwaite, Johanna Westbrook, Marjorie Pawsey, David Greenfield, Justine Naylor, Rick Iedema, Bill Runciman, Sally Redman, Christine Jorm, Maureen Robinson, Sally Nathan and Robert Gibberd
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:113
  12. Despite the wide availability of prenatal screening and diagnosis, a number of studies have reported no decrease in the rate of babies born with Down syndrome. The objective of this study was to investigate th...

    Authors: Evelyne E Muggli, David McCloskey and Jane L Halliday
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:109
  13. District health systems in Africa depend largely on public funding. In many countries, not only are these funds insufficient, but they are also released in an untimely fashion, thereby creating serious cash fl...

    Authors: Augustine D Asante, Anthony B Zwi and Maria T Ho
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:105
  14. Chronic medical conditions have been associated with periodontal disease. This study examined if periodontal treatment can contribute to changes in overall risk and medical expenditures for three chronic condi...

    Authors: David A Albert, Donald Sadowsky, Panos Papapanou, Mary L Conicella and Angela Ward
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:103
  15. Cesarean section rates is often used as an indicator of quality of care in maternity hospitals. The assumption is that lower rates reflect in developed countries more appropriate clinical practice and general ...

    Authors: Maria P Fantini, Elisa Stivanello, Brunella Frammartino, Anna P Barone, Danilo Fusco, Laura Dallolio, Paolo Cacciari and Carlo A Perucci
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:100
  16. In some Western countries, the medical profession is continuously losing prestige, doctors are claiming of high demands, low rewards, and difficult structural working conditions. This study aimed to investigat...

    Authors: Barbara Buddeberg-Fischer, Claudia Dietz, Richard Klaghofer and Claus Buddeberg
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:98
  17. The government-led "evidence-based guidelines for cataract treatment" labelled pirenoxine and glutathione eye drops, which have been regarded as the standard care for cataracts in Japan, as lacking evidence of...

    Authors: Miho Sekimoto, Yuichi Imanaka, Nobuko Kitano, Tatsuro Ishizaki and Osamu Takahashi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:92
  18. Congestive heart failure (CHF) has a substantial impact on care utilisation and quality of life. It is crucial for patients to cope with CHF adequately, if they are to live an acceptable life. Self-management ...

    Authors: Esther STF Smeulders, Jolanda CM van Haastregt, Elisabeth FM van Hoef, Jacques ThM van Eijk and Gertrudis IJM Kempen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:91
  19. Developing complex interventions for testing in randomised controlled trials is of increasing importance in healthcare planning. There is a need for careful design of interventions for secondary prevention of ...

    Authors: Mairead Corrrigan, Margaret E Cupples, Susan M Smith, Molly Byrne, Claire S Leathem, Pauline Clerkin and Andrew W Murphy
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:90
  20. Past attempts to estimate the cost of migration were limited to education costs only and did not include the lost returns from investment. The objectives of this study were: (i) to estimate the financial cost ...

    Authors: Joses Muthuri Kirigia, Akpa Raphael Gbary, Lenity Kainyu Muthuri, Jennifer Nyoni and Anthony Seddoh
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:89
  21. Primary care is being encouraged to implement multiprofessional, system level, chronic illness management approaches to depression. We undertook this study to identify and assess the quality of RCTs testing sy...

    Authors: Jane Gunn, Justine Diggens, Kelsey Hegarty and Grant Blashki
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:88
  22. State-wide surveys of recent mothers conducted over the past decade in Victoria, one state of Australia, have identified that women are consistently less satisfied with the care they received in hospital follo...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Helen L McLachlan, Jane Yelland, Jo Rayner, Judith Lumley and Mary-Ann Davey
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:83
  23. More than half of all antibiotic prescriptions in general practice are issued for respiratory tract infections (RTIs), despite convincing evidence that many of these infections are caused by viruses. Frequent ...

    Authors: Svein Gjelstad, Arne Fetveit, Jørund Straand, Ingvild Dalen, Sture Rognstad and Morten Lindbaek
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:75
  24. Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is characterised by focal increases in bone turnover, affecting one or more bones throughout the skeleton. This disrupts normal bone architecture and causes pain, deformity, deafn...

    Authors: Anne L Langston, Marie Johnston, Clare Robertson, Marion K Campbell, Vikki A Entwistle, Theresa M Marteau, Marilyn McCallum and Stuart H Ralston
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:71
  25. Anthroposophic therapies (counselling, special medication, art, eurythmy movement, and rhythmical massage) aim to stimulate long-term self-healing processes, which theoretically could lead to a reduction of he...

    Authors: Harald J Hamre, Claudia M Witt, Anja Glockmann, Renatus Ziegler, Stefan N Willich and Helmut Kiene
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:65
  26. The use of natural health products, such as vitamins, minerals, and herbs, by Canadians has been increasing with time. As a result of consumer concern about the quality of these products, the Canadian Departme...

    Authors: Hina Laeeque, Heather Boon, Natasha Kachan, Jillian Clare Cohen and Joseph D'Cruz
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:63
  27. The Spanish National Health Service is a universal and free health care system. Non-specific low back pain (LBP) is a prevalent disorder, generating large health and social costs. The objectives of this study ...

    Authors: Francisco M Kovacs, Carmen Fernández, Antonio Cordero, Alfonso Muriel, Luis González-Luján and María Teresa Gil del Real
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:57
  28. Two striking demographic shifts evident in today's workforce are also apparent in the medical profession. One is the entry of a new generation of physicians, Gen Xers, and the other is the influx of women. Bot...

    Authors: Emily Jovic, Jean E Wallace and Jane Lemaire
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:55
  29. To measure the effectiveness of strategies to implement clinical guidelines andthe influence of organisational characteristics on hospital care.

    Authors: Rob Dijkstra, Michel Wensing, Ruth Thomas, Reinier Akkermans, Joze Braspenning, Jeremy Grimshaw and Richard Grol
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:53
  30. Is the implementation of Quality Management (QM) in health care proceeding satisfactorily and can national health care policies influence the implementation process? Policymakers and researchers in a country n...

    Authors: C Wagner, L Gulácsi, E Takacs and M Outinen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:50
  31. Scientifically rigorous general population-based studies comparing chiropractic with primary-care medical patients within and between countries have not been published. The objective of this study is to compar...

    Authors: Eric L Hurwitz and Lu-May Chiang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:49
  32. To be useful, clinical practice guidelines need to be evidence based; otherwise they will not achieve the validity, reliability and credibility required for implementation.

    Authors: Fiona Campbell, Heather O Dickinson, Julia VF Cook, Fiona R Beyer, Martin Eccles and James M Mason
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:47
  33. Opioid misuse can complicate chronic pain management, and the non-medical use of opioids is a growing public health problem. The incidence and risk factors for opioid misuse in patients with chronic pain, howe...

    Authors: Timothy J Ives, Paul R Chelminski, Catherine A Hammett-Stabler, Robert M Malone, J Stephen Perhac, Nicholas M Potisek, Betsy Bryant Shilliday, Darren A DeWalt and Michael P Pignone
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:46
  34. There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture). Here we report the psychometric properties, esta...

    Authors: John B Sexton, Robert L Helmreich, Torsten B Neilands, Kathy Rowan, Keryn Vella, James Boyden, Peter R Roberts and Eric J Thomas
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:44
  35. In an evidence-informed patient choice the patient has access to research-based information about the effectiveness of health care options and is encouraged to use this information in treatment decisions. This...

    Authors: Claire Glenton, Elin S Nilsen and Benedicte Carlsen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:34
  36. Self-management programs for patients with heart failure can reduce hospitalizations and mortality. However, no programs have analyzed their usefulness for patients with low literacy. We compared the efficacy ...

    Authors: Darren A DeWalt, Robert M Malone, Mary E Bryant, Margaret C Kosnar, Kelly E Corr, Russell L Rothman, Carla A Sueta and Michael P Pignone
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:30
  37. In this methodological paper we document the interpretation of a mixed methods study and outline an approach to dealing with apparent discrepancies between qualitative and quantitative research data in a pilot...

    Authors: Suzanne Moffatt, Martin White, Joan Mackintosh and Denise Howel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:28
  38. Consensus techniques have been used previously to create explicit criteria to prioritize cataract extraction; however, the appropriateness of the intervention was not included explicitly in previous studies. W...

    Authors: José M Quintana, Antonio Escobar and Amaia Bilbao
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:24
  39. Emerging animal and zoonotic diseases and increasing international trade have resulted in an increased demand for veterinary surveillance systems. However, human and financial resources available to support go...

    Authors: Katharina DC Stärk, Gertraud Regula, Jorge Hernandez, Lea Knopf, Klemens Fuchs, Roger S Morris and Peter Davies
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:20
  40. The purpose of this research is to understand the performance of home healthcare practice in the US. The relationships between home healthcare patient factors and agency characteristics are not well understood...

    Authors: Elizabeth A Madigan and Olivier Louis Curet
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:18
  41. Outpatient preoperative assessment clinics were developed to provide an efficient assessment of surgical patients prior to surgery, and have demonstrated benefits to patients and the health care system. Howeve...

    Authors: Judy E Seidel, Cynthia A Beck, Gaia Pocobelli, Jane B Lemaire, Jennifer M Bugar, Hude Quan and William A Ghali
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:13
  42. Patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are at increased risk of further acute cardiac events. Secondary prevention aims to decrease morbidity and mortality post-ACS. Depression is related to increased ri...

    Authors: Hannah M McGee, Frank Doyle, Ronán M Conroy, Davida De La Harpe and Emer Shelley
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:9
  43. The inspiration for the present assessment of the nutritional care of medical patients is puzzlement about the divide that exists between the theoretical knowledge about the importance of the diet for ill pers...

    Authors: Karin O Lassen, Jens Olsen, Edvin Grinderslev, Filip Kruse and Merete Bjerrum
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:7
  44. Economic valuations of health care programs often require using patients as subjects, implying that research methodology should conform to the surrounding social, cultural and ethical context. The significance...

    Authors: Nick Kontodimopoulos and Dimitris Niakas
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2006 6:3