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  1. We describe a simple approach we used to identify barriers and tailor an intervention to improve pharmacological management of hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia. We also report the results of a post hoc e...

    Authors: Atle Fretheim, Andrew D Oxman and Signe Flottorp
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:23
  2. The reduced number of hospital beds and an ageing population have resulted in growing demands for home nursing. We know very little about the comprehensive care of these patients. The objectives were to identi...

    Authors: Sonja Modin and Anna-Karin Furhoff
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:22
  3. Traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a widely used class of therapy in the treatment of chronic pain and inflammation. The drugs are effective and can be relatively inexpensive thanks...

    Authors: Malcolm Doupe, Alan Katz, Brent Kvern, Lori-Jean Manness, Colleen Metge, Glen TD Thomson, Laura Morrison and Kat Rother
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:21
  4. In 2002, the World Health Organization published a health system performance ranking for 191 member countries. The ranking was based on five indicators, with fixed weights common to all countries.

    Authors: Jeremy A Lauer, CA Knox Lovell, Christopher JL Murray and David B Evans
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:19
  5. The improvement of the quality of the evidence used in treatment decision-making is especially important in the case of patients with complicated disease processes such as HIV/AIDS for which multiple treatment...

    Authors: Kasia E Stefanski, C Shawn Tracy and Ross EG Upshur
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:18
  6. Previous studies of methods to increase response rates on international postal surveys did not include providing return postage. We provided International Postage Vouchers – "Coupon-Réponse International" to c...

    Authors: Cheryl Carling
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:16
  7. Response rates to postal questionnaires are falling and this threatens the external validity of survey findings. We wanted to establish whether the incentive of being entered into a prize draw to win a persona...

    Authors: Sharon H Moses and T Justin Clark
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:14
  8. Despite broad agreement on the necessity to improve quality of diabetic care through implementation of clinical guidelines, in Italy many people with diabetes still lack adequate care in general practice. In a...

    Authors: Carla Perria
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:13
  9. It has been proposed that greater availability of primary medical care practitioners (GPs) contributes to better population health. We evaluated whether measures of the supply and structure of primary medical ...

    Authors: Martin C Gulliford, Ruth H Jack, Geoffrey Adams and Obioha C Ukoumunne
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:12
  10. This trial aims to investigate the effectiveness and cost implications of 'pharmaceutical care' provided by community pharmacists to elderly patients in the community. As the UK government has proposed that by...

    Authors: I Wong, P Campion, S Coulton, B Cross, H Edmondson, A Farrin, G Hill, A Hilton, Z Philips, S Richmond and I Russell
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:11
  11. The assessment of the impact of healthcare interventions may help commissioners of healthcare services to make optimal decisions. This can be particularly the case if the impact assessment relates to specific ...

    Authors: Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Gary A Cook, Patrick McElduff, Daniel Havely, Richard Edwards and Richard F Heller
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:10
  12. We sought to develop a more reliable structured implicit chart review instrument for use in assessing the quality of care for chronic disease and to examine if ratings are more reliable for conditions in which...

    Authors: Timothy P Hofer, Steven M Asch, Rodney A Hayward, Lisa V Rubenstein, Mary M Hogan, John Adams and Eve A Kerr
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:9
  13. The interface between primary care and specialist medical services is an important domain for health services research and policy. Of particular concern is optimising specialist services and the organisation o...

    Authors: Russell L Gruen, Stephanie Knox, Helena Britt and Ross S Bailie
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:8
  14. The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) has produced guidelines on the early management of head injury. This study audits the process of the management of patients with head injury presenting at ...

    Authors: Lucy Miller, Ruth M Kent and Alan Tennant
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:7
  15. The aim of this project was to assess whether outreach visits would improve the implementation of evidence based clinical practice in the area of falls reduction and stroke prevention in a residential care set...

    Authors: Maria Crotty, Craig Whitehead, Debra Rowett, Julie Halbert, David Weller, Paul Finucane and Adrian Esterman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:6
  16. Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac dysrhythmia, particularly in the elderly. Recent studies have indicated a statistically significant seasonal component to atrial fibrillation hospitalizations.

    Authors: Ross EG Upshur, Rahim Moineddin, Eric J Crighton and Muhammad Mamdani
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:5
  17. Length of stay (LOS) is an important indicator of efficiency for inpatient care but it does not achieve an adequate performance if it is not adjusted for the case mix of the patients hospitalized during the pe...

    Authors: Rosa E Jiménez, Rosa M Lam, Milagros Marot and Ariel Delgado
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:4
  18. In this study we examined the influence of type of insurance and the influence of managed care in particular, on the length of stay decisions physicians make and on variation in medical practice.

    Authors: Judith D de Jong, Gert P Westert, Cheryl M Noetscher and Peter P Groenewegen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:3
  19. In the U.S. small-area health services research studies are often based on the hospital service areas (HSAs) defined by the Dartmouth Atlas of Healthcare project. These areas are based on the geographic origin...

    Authors: Mark F Guagliardo, Kathleen A Jablonski, Jill G Joseph and David C Goodman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2004 4:2
  20. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is defined by symptoms and disability, has no confirmatory physical signs or characteristic laboratory abnormalities, and the etiology and pathophysiology remain unknown. Difficu...

    Authors: William C Reeves, Andrew Lloyd, Suzanne D Vernon, Nancy Klimas, Leonard A Jason, Gijs Bleijenberg, Birgitta Evengard, Peter D White, Rosane Nisenbaum and Elizabeth R Unger
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:25
  21. Research has shown that many healthcare professionals have problems with guidelines as they would prefer to be given all relevent information relevent to decision-making rather than being told what they should...

    Authors: Giulio Formoso, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Nonino, Pietro Dri, Antonio Addis, Nello Martini and Alessandro Liberati
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:24
  22. Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements designed to assist in patient and physician clinical decision making for specific clinical circumstances. In order to establish which guidel...

    Authors: Melissa C Brouwers, Alexandra Chambers and James Perry
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:23
  23. Biomedical research constantly produces new findings but these are not routinely translated into health care practice. One way to address this problem is to develop effective interventions to translate researc...

    Authors: Anne E Walker, Jeremy Grimshaw, Marie Johnston, Nigel Pitts, Nick Steen and Martin Eccles
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:22
  24. A survey was carried out in the Grampian region of Scotland with a random sample of 10,000 adults registered with a General Practitioner in Grampian. The study complied with new legislation requiring a two-sta...

    Authors: Val C Angus, Vikki A Entwistle, Margaret J Emslie, Kim A Walker and Jane E Andrew
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:21
  25. In the US, Quality Indicators (QI's) profiling and comparing the performance of hospitals, health plans, nursing homes and physicians are routinely published for consumer review. We report the results of the l...

    Authors: Vincent Mor, Joseph Angelelli, Richard Jones, Jason Roy, Terry Moore and John Morris
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:20
  26. Obesity treatment is notoriously unsuccessful and one of the barriers to successful weight loss reported by patients is a lack of social support. The Internet offers a novel and fast approach to the delivery o...

    Authors: Sara FL Kirk, Emma L Harvey, Aine McConnon, Jennie E Pollard, Darren C Greenwood, James D Thomas and Joan K Ransley
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:19
  27. All clinical practice guidelines recommend thiazides as a first-choice drug for the management of uncomplicated hypertension. Thiazides are also the lowest priced antihypertensive drugs. Despite this, the use ...

    Authors: Atle Fretheim, Morten Aaserud and Andrew D Oxman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:18
  28. Low back pain has major health and social implications. Although there have been many randomised controlled trials of manipulation and exercise for the management of low back pain, the role of these two treatm...

    Authors:
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:16
  29. Interventions to improve delivery of preventive medical services have been shown to be effective in North America and the UK. However, there are few studies of the extent to which the impact of such interventi...

    Authors: Ross S Bailie, Samantha J Togni, Damin Si, Gary Robinson and Peter HN d'Abbs
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:15
  30. The term "evidence-based medicine" (or EBM) was introduced about ten years ago, and there has been considerable debate about the value of EBM. However, this debate has sometimes been obscured by a lack of conc...

    Authors: Scott R Sehon and Donald E Stanley
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:14
  31. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. Previous research examining physicians ability to estimate cardiovascular risk has shown that physicians' generally overestimate...

    Authors: Michael Pignone, Christopher J Phillips, Tom A Elasy and Alicia Fernandez
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:13
  32. There have been dramatic increases in the number of coronary artery bypass surgeries (CABS) and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed during the last decade. Whether this finding is true for reva...

    Authors: Charles Maynard and Anne E Sales
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:12
  33. The value of the Internet to deliver preoperative education would increase if there was variability in questions patients want answered. This study's goal was to have patients consulting an orthopedic surgeon ...

    Authors: Alex Macario, Peter Schilling, Richard Rubio, Amandeep Bhalla and Stuart Goodman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:11
  34. Social support is important in daily activities of the elderly. This study tests the hypothesis that there is an association between social support and cognitive function among the elderly in a community setting.

    Authors: Shu-Chuan Jennifer Yeh and Yea-Ying Liu
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:9
  35. General practitioners often diverge from clinical guidelines regarding spine radiography. This study aimed to identify and describe A) factors general practitioners consider may affect their decisions about or...

    Authors: Ansgar Espeland and Anders Baerheim
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:8
  36. Recent studies suggest that patients at greatest risk for diabetes complications are least likely to self-monitor blood glucose. However, these studies rely on self-reports of monitoring, an unreliable measure...

    Authors: Alyce S Adams, Connie Mah, Stephen B Soumerai, Fang Zhang, Mary B Barton and Dennis Ross-Degnan
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:6
  37. The underlying reasons for differences between clinical practice and systematically developed guidelines vary from one clinical problem to another. It is therefore logical to tailor strategies to support the i...

    Authors: Atle Fretheim, Andrew D Oxman, Shaun Treweek and Arild Bjørndal
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:5
  38. In diabetes mellitus, cigarette smoking is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and microvascular complications. We evaluated cigarette smoking in people with diabetes mellitus in a socio...

    Authors: MC Gulliford, JEC Sedgwick and AJ Pearce
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:4
  39. Theories of behaviour change indicate that an analysis of factors that facilitate or impede change is helpful when trying to influence professional practice. The aim of this study was to identify barriers to i...

    Authors: Signe Flottorp and Andrew D Oxman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:3
  40. Despite the growing reputation and subject coverage of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, many systematic reviews continue to be published solely in paper-based health care journals. This study was d...

    Authors: Janet H Piehl, Sally Green and Steve McDonald
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:2
  41. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 gave states the option to withdraw Medicaid coverage of nonemergency care from most legal immigrants. Our goal was to assess...

    Authors: Liana D Castel, Justin W Timbie, Veronica Sendersky, Lesley H Curtis, Keith A Feather and Kevin A Schulman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2003 3:1
  42. The benefit of regular multidimensional assessment of older people remains controversial. The majority of trials have been too small to produce adequate evidence to inform policy. Despite the lack of a firm ev...

    Authors: AE Fletcher, DA Jones, CJ Bulpitt and AJ Tulloch
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2002 2:21