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  1. Enhancing service efficiency and quality has always been one of the most important factors to heighten competitiveness in the health care service industry. Thus, how to utilize information technology to reduce...

    Authors: Hsin Hsin Chang and Ching Sheng Chang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:87
  2. Comorbidity is an important adjustment measure in research focusing on outcomes such as health status and mortality. One recurrent methodological issue concerns the concordance of comorbidity data obtained fro...

    Authors: William Corser, Alla Sikorskii, Ade Olomu, Manfred Stommel, Camille Proden and Margaret Holmes-Rovner
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:85
  3. Urinary incontinence affects approximately 5% (800.000) of the Dutch population. Guidelines recommend pelvic floor muscle/bladder training for most patients. Unfortunately, general practitioners use this train...

    Authors: Pytha Albers-Heitner, Bary Berghmans, Manuela Joore, Toine Lagro-Janssen, Johan Severens, Fred Nieman and Ron Winkens
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:84
  4. The Breastfeeding Education and Support Services (BESS) is a unit of The Royal Women's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, staffed by International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs), providing day/s...

    Authors: Li Yen Chin and Lisa H Amir
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:83
  5. Emergency departments continuously provide medical treatment on a walk-in basis. Several studies investigated the patient's perception of the doctor-patient relationship, but few have asked doctors about their...

    Authors: Birgit Babitsch, Tanja Braun, Theda Borde and Matthias David
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:82
  6. The use of emergency hospital services (EHS) has increased steadily in Spain in the last decade while the number of immigrants has increased dramatically. Studies show that immigrants use EHS differently than ...

    Authors: Montserrat Rué, Xavier Cabré, Jorge Soler-González, Anna Bosch, Mercè Almirall and Maria Catalina Serna
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:81
  7. Determining population-based rates for major injury poses methodological challenges. We used hospital discharge data over a 10-year period (1996–2005) from a national trauma registry, the Trauma Audit and Rese...

    Authors: Roxana Alexandrescu, Sarah J O'Brien, Ronan A Lyons and Fiona E Lecky
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:80
  8. There has been considerable concern expressed about the outcomes achieved in Independent Sector Treatment Centres (ISTCs) introduced in England since 2003. Our aim was to compare the case-mix and patients' rep...

    Authors: John Browne, Liz Jamieson, Jim Lewsey, Jan van der Meulen, Lynn Copley and Nick Black
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:78
  9. The Europe Against Cancer programme was initiated in the late 1980s, recognising, among other risk factors, the problematic relationship between tobacco use and cancer. In an attempt to reduce the number of sm...

    Authors: Sandra Boessen and Hans Maarse
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:77
  10. Prioritisation instruments were developed for patients on waiting list for hip and knee arthroplasties (AI) and cataract surgery (CI). The aim of the study was to assess their convergent and discriminant valid...

    Authors: Alejandro Allepuz, Mireia Espallargues, Montse Moharra, Mercè Comas and Joan MV Pons
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:76
  11. Managed care organizations use a variety of strategies to reduce the cost and improve the quality of medication use. The effectiveness of such policies is not well understood. The objective of this research wa...

    Authors: Christine Y Lu, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Stephen B Soumerai and Sallie-Anne Pearson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:75
  12. Home visiting programs have been developed aimed at improving the health and independent functioning of older people. Also, they intend to reduce hospital and nursing home admission and associated cost. A subs...

    Authors: Ans Bouman, Erik van Rossum, Patricia Nelemans, Gertrudis IJM Kempen and Paul Knipschild
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:74
  13. Indicators of hospital quality, such as hospital standardized mortality ratios (HSMR), have been used increasingly to assess and improve hospital quality. Our aim has been to describe and explain variation in ...

    Authors: Richard Heijink, Xander Koolman, Daniel Pieter, André van der Veen, Brian Jarman and Gert Westert
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:73
  14. Early diagnosis of dementia benefits both patient and caregiver. Nevertheless, dementia in primary care is currently under-diagnosed. Some educational interventions developed to improve dementia diagnosis and ...

    Authors: M Perry, I Drašković, T van Achterberg, GF Borm, MIJ van Eijken, PL Lucassen, MJFJ Vernooij-Dassen and MGM Olde Rikkert
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:71
  15. Cost-containment strategies are required to face the challenge of rising drug expenditures in Oncology. Drug wastage leads to economic loss, but little is known about the size of the problem in this field.

    Authors: Gianpiero Fasola, Marianna Aita, Luisa Marini, Alessandro Follador, Marina Tosolini, Laura Mattioni, Mauro Mansutti, Andrea Piga, Silvio Brusaferro and Giuseppe Aprile
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:70
  16. Russia is one of the very few industrialised countries in the world where life expectancy has been declining. Alcohol has been implicated as a major contributor to the rapid fluctuations observed in male life ...

    Authors: Susannah Tomkins, Elizabeth Allen, Olga Savenko, Jim McCambridge, Lyudmila Saburova, Nikolay Kiryanov, Alexey Oralov, Artyom Gil, David A Leon, Martin McKee and Diana Elbourne
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:69
  17. Previous health research has often explicitly excluded individuals from minority ethnic backgrounds due to perceived cultural and communication difficulties, including studies where there might be language/lit...

    Authors: Cathy E Lloyd, Mark RD Johnson, Shanaz Mughal, Jackie A Sturt, Gary S Collins, Tapash Roy, Rukhsana Bibi and Anthony H Barnett
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:68
  18. Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI), implemented in 1995, substantially increased the number of health care facilities that can deliver free prenatal care. Because of the increase in such facilities, it i...

    Authors: Likwang Chen, Chi-Liang Chen and Wei-Chih Yang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:67
  19. The Ontario health care system is devolving planning and funding authority to community based organizations and moving from steering through rules and regulations to steering on performance. As part of this tr...

    Authors: Thomas Custers, Jeremiah Hurley, Niek S Klazinga and Adalsteinn D Brown
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:66
  20. Specialist nurses may play an important role in helping to improve the experiences of patients with prostate cancer, however there is concern that the specialist nurse role is under threat in the UK due to fin...

    Authors: Carolyn Tarrant, Paul Sinfield, Shona Agarwal and Richard Baker
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:65
  21. This paper describes an attempt that was made to recruit child-bearing women into a nutrition-based research study and the knowledge that was gained when this approach was unsuccessful. The Assessment Before C...

    Authors: Alexis J Hure, Roger Smith and Clare E Collins
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:64
  22. Little research attention has been given to attempts to implement organisational initiatives to improve quality of care for mental health care, where there is a high level of indeterminacy and clinical judgeme...

    Authors: Linda Gask, Anne Rogers, Stephen Campbell and Rod Sheaff
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:63
  23. In Norway there is a shortage of valid health activity statistics from the primary care out-of-hours services and the pre-hospital emergency health care system. There is little systematic information available...

    Authors: Elisabeth Holm Hansen and Steinar Hunskaar
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:62
  24. The objective of the current study was to translate and validate the Iranian version of the WHOQOL-BREF.

    Authors: Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri, Kourosh Holakouie, Kazem Mohammad and Reza Majdzadeh
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:61
  25. Guidelines now recommend routine assessment of global coronary heart disease (CHD) risk scores. We performed a systematic review to assess whether global CHD risk scores result in clinical benefits or harms.

    Authors: Stacey L Sheridan and Eric Crespo
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:60
  26. Involvement of patients in the detection and prevention of safety related events and medical errors have been widely recommended. However, it has also been questioned whether patients at large are willing and ...

    Authors: David LB Schwappach
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:59
  27. On 1 January 2006 a number of far-reaching changes in the Dutch health insurance system came into effect. In the new system of managed competition consumer mobility plays an important role. Consumers are free ...

    Authors: Judith D de Jong, Atie van den Brink-Muinen and Peter P Groenewegen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:58
  28. In a country where comprehensive free health care is provided via a public health system (SUS), an unexpected high frequency of catastrophic out-of-pocket expenditure has been described. We studied how deliver...

    Authors: Aluísio JD Barros, Iná S Santos and Andréa D Bertoldi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:57
  29. It is commonly held that men delay help seeking because they are ignorant about and disinterested in their health. However, this discussion has not been informed by men's lay perspectives, which have remained ...

    Authors: James A Smith, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Gary Wittert and Megan Warin
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:56
  30. Studies on prenatal care in China have focused on the timing and frequency of prenatal care and relatively little information can be found on how maternal care has been organized and funded or on the actual co...

    Authors: Zhuochun Wu, Kirsi Viisainen, Xiaohong Li and Elina Hemminki
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:55
  31. Caring for patients with dementia is a demanding task. Little is known as to whether physicians feel competent enough to perform this task or whether a lack of self-perceived competence influences attitudes an...

    Authors: Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Birgitt Wiese and Hendrik van den Bussche
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:54
  32. In view of rapidly increasing prescription costs, case-mix adjustment should be considered for effective control of costs. We have estimated the variability in pharmacy costs explained by ACG in centers using ...

    Authors: Alba Aguado, Elisabet Guinó, Bhramar Mukherjee, Antoni Sicras, Josep Serrat, Mateo Acedo, Juan Jose Ferro and Victor Moreno
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:53
  33. Patterns in time, place and cause of death can have an important impact on calculated hospital mortality rates. Objective is to quantify these patterns following myocardial infarction and stroke admissions in ...

    Authors: Laurentius CJ Slobbe, Onyebuchi A Arah, Agnes de Bruin and Gert P Westert
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:52
  34. The recent increase in the number of immigrants of Barcelona represents a challenge for the public healthcare system, the emergency department being the most used healthcare service by this group. However, uti...

    Authors: Andrea Buron, Francesc Cots, Oscar Garcia, Oriol Vall and Xavier Castells
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:51
  35. Mandatory generic substitution was introduced in Sweden in October 2002 in order to try to curb escalating pharmaceutical expenditure. The aim of this study was to investigate how sales patterns for substituta...

    Authors: Karolina A Andersson, Max G Petzold, Peter Allebeck and Anders Carlsten
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:50
  36. Delay in cancer diagnosis may be important for cancer prognosis. Large individual variations in the duration of delay have been observed. This study examines whether patients' socioeconomic characteristics are...

    Authors: Rikke Pilegaard Hansen, Frede Olesen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Ineta Sokolowski and Jens Søndergaard
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:49
  37. Maintaining adequately high organ donation rates proves essential to offering patients all appropriate and available treatment options. However, the act of donation is in itself an individual decision that req...

    Authors: Elias Mossialos, Joan Costa-Font and Caroline Rudisill
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:48
  38. As the problem of patient non-adherence persists and a solution appears hard to be found, it continues to be important to look for new ways to further the issue. We recently conducted a meta-review of adherenc...

    Authors: Sandra van Dulmen, Emmy Sluijs, Liset van Dijk, Denise de Ridder, Rob Heerdink and Jozien Bensing
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:47
  39. Non-professional involvement in delivering health and social care support in areas of socio-economic deprivation is considered important in attempting to reduce health inequalities. However, trials of peer men...

    Authors: Christine A Murphy, Margaret E Cupples, Andrew Percy, Henry L Halliday and Moira C Stewart
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:46
  40. In 2000, the national cancer plan for England created 34 cancer networks, new organisational structures to coordinate services across populations varying between a half and three million people. We investigate...

    Authors: Mark McCarthy, Arturo Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Chris Sherlaw-Johnson, Artak Khachatryan, Michel P Coleman and Bernard Rachet
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:45
  41. Primary health care (PHC) clinicians have an important role to play in addressing lifestyle risk factors for chronic diseases. However they intervene only rarely, despite the opportunities that arise within th...

    Authors: Rachel A Laws, Sue E Kirby, Gawaine P Powell Davies, Anna M Williams, Upali W Jayasinghe, Cheryl L Amoroso and Mark F Harris
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:44
  42. The study of Hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSH) has been proposed as an indirect measure of access to and receipt of care by older persons at the entryway to the Spanish public he...

    Authors: Purificacion Magan, Angel Otero, Angel Alberquilla and Jose Manuel Ribera
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:42
  43. According to the provisions of the Health Act 2006, NHS acute Trusts had to become smoke-free by July 2007. Mental health Trusts were granted a further year before all indoor smoking areas have to be removed. ...

    Authors: Elena Ratschen, John Britton and Ann McNeill
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:41
  44. Studies of psychological stress among substance misuse professionals rarely describe the nature of burnout and psychological morbidity. The main aim of this study was to determine the extent, pattern and predi...

    Authors: Adenekan Oyefeso, Carmel Clancy and Roger Farmer
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:39
  45. The scope of optometry differs worldwide. In Norway the vast majority of optometrists perform ophthalmoscopy as part of their routine examinations. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of suspected

    Authors: Vibeke Sundling, Pål Gulbrandsen, Ragnheiður Bragadottir, Leiv S Bakketeig, Jak Jervell and Jørund Straand
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:38