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  1. Japan is setting the pace among aging societies of the world. In 2005, Japan became the country with the highest proportion of elderly persons in the world. To deal with the accelerated ageing population and w...

    Authors: Pedro Olivares-Tirado, Nanako Tamiya and Masayo Kashiwagi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:239
  2. The extent to which uncomplicated obesity among an otherwise healthy middle-aged population is associated with higher longitudinal health-care expenditures remains unclear.

    Authors: David A Alter, Harindra C Wijeysundera, Barry Franklin, Peter C Austin, Alice Chong, Paul I Oh, Jack V Tu and Therese A Stukel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:238
  3. In response to the rapid aging of the population in Japan, many care systems have been created in quick succession. Establishment of discharge planning departments (DPDs) in hospitals is one of them. In this s...

    Authors: Satoko Nagata, Hikari Tomura and Sachiyo Murashima
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:237
  4. Multi-disciplinary heart failure (HF) clinics have been shown to improve outcomes for HF patients in randomized clinical trials. However, it is unclear how widely available specialized HF clinics are in Ontari...

    Authors: Harindra C Wijeysundera, Gina Trubiani, Lusine Abrahamyan, Nicholas Mitsakakis, William Witteman, Mike Paulden, Gabrielle van der Velde, Kori Kingsbury and Murray Krahn
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:236
  5. Changes that improve the quality of health care should be sustained. Falling back to old, unsatisfactory ways of working is a waste of resources and can in the worst case increase resistance to later initiativ...

    Authors: Einar Hovlid, Oddbjørn Bukve, Kjell Haug, Aslak Bjarne Aslaksen and Christian von Plessen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:235
  6. Cardiovascular disease accounts for a large burden of disease, but is amenable to prevention through lifestyle modification. This paper examines patient and practice predictors of referral to a lifestyle modif...

    Authors: Megan E Passey, Rachel A Laws, Upali W Jayasinghe, Mahnaz Fanaian, Suzanne McKenzie, Gawaine Powell-Davies, David Lyle and Mark F Harris
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:234
  7. The implementation of collaborative TB/HIV activities may help to mitigate the impact of the dual epidemic on patients and communities. Such implementation requires integrated interventions across facilities a...

    Authors: Jeannine Uwimana, Christina Zarowsky, Harry Hausler and Debra Jackson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:233
  8. In recent years healthcare professionals have faced increasing concerns about the value of childhood vaccination and many find it difficult to deal with parents who object to vaccination. In general, healthcar...

    Authors: Wilhelmina LM Ruijs, Jeannine LA Hautvast, Giovanna van IJzendoorn, Wilke JC van Ansem, Glyn Elwyn, Koos van der Velden and Marlies EJL Hulscher
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:231
  9. Primary health care (PHC) encompasses an array of health and social services that focus on preventative, diagnostic, and basic care measures to maintain wellbeing and address illnesses. In Canada, PHC involves...

    Authors: Valorie A Crooks and Nadine Schuurman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:230
  10. Pharmacists are viewed as highly trained yet underutilised and there is growing support to extend the role of the pharmacist within the primary health care sector. The integration of a pharmacist into a genera...

    Authors: Christopher Freeman, W Neil Cottrell, Greg Kyle, Ian Williams and Lisa Nissen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:229
  11. In South Africa the ever increasing demand for antiretroviral treatment (ART) runs the risk of leading to sub-optimal care in public sector ART clinics that are overburdened and under resourced. This study ass...

    Authors: Hans F Kinkel, Adeboye M Adelekan, Tessa S Marcus and Gustaaf Wolvaardt
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:228
  12. The study of the factors that encourage evidence-based clinical practice, such as structure, environment and professional skills, has contributed to an improvement in quality of care. Nevertheless, most of thi...

    Authors: Susana González-Torrente, Jordi Pericas-Beltrán, Miguel Bennasar-Veny, Rosa Adrover-Barceló, José M Morales-Asencio and Joan De Pedro-Gómez
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:227
  13. The prevalence of childhood bronchial asthma in Saudi Arabia has increased in less than a decade from 8% to 23%. Innovations in the management of asthma led to the development of evidence based clinical practi...

    Authors: Hayfaa A Wahabi and Rasmieh A Alziedan
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:226
  14. Documented age, gender, race and socio-economic disparities in total joint arthroplasty (TJA), suggest that those who need the surgery may not receive it, and present a challenge to explain the causes of unmet...

    Authors: Rubén E Mújica Mota, Rosanna Tarricone, Oriana Ciani, John FP Bridges and Mike Drummond
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:225
  15. Knowledge of patterns in cancer patients’ health care utilisation around the time of diagnosis may guide health care resource allocation and provide important insights into this groups’ demand for health care ...

    Authors: Karina Garnier Christensen, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Kaare Rud Flarup and Peter Vedsted
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:224
  16. Specialized drug shops such as pharmacies and drug shops are increasingly becoming important sources of treatment. However, knowledge on their regulatory performance is scarce. We set out to systematically rev...

    Authors: Francis N Wafula, Eric M Miriti and Catherine A Goodman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:223
  17. Mental health problems are disproportionately higher amongst homeless people. Many barriers exist for homeless people with mental health problems in accessing treatment yet little research has been done on ser...

    Authors: Réamonn Canavan, Margaret M Barry, Aleksandra Matanov, Henrique Barros, Edina Gabor, Tim Greacen, Petra Holcnerová, Ulrike Kluge, Pablo Nicaise, Jacek Moskalewicz, José Manuel Díaz-Olalla, Christa Straßmayr, Aart H Schene, Joaquim J F Soares, Andrea Gaddini and Stefan Priebe
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:222
  18. Primary care for chronic illness varies across European healthcare systems. In patients suffering from coronary heart disease (CHD), factors associated with patients’ experiences of receiving structured chroni...

    Authors: Sabine Ludt, Jan van Lieshout, Stephen M Campbell, J Rochon, Dominik Ose, T Freund, Michel Wensing and Joachim Szecsenyi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:221
  19. Telehealth (TH) and telecare (TC) interventions are increasingly valued for supporting self-care in ageing populations; however, evaluation studies often report high rates of non-participation that are not wel...

    Authors: Caroline Sanders, Anne Rogers, Robert Bowen, Peter Bower, Shashivadan Hirani, Martin Cartwright, Ray Fitzpatrick, Martin Knapp, James Barlow, Jane Hendy, Theti Chrysanthaki, Martin Bardsley and Stanton P Newman
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:220
  20. The quality of physician communication skills influences health-related decisions, including use of cancer screening tests. We assessed whether patient-physician communication examination scores in a national,...

    Authors: Ari-Nareg Meguerditchian, Dale Dauphinee, Nadyne Girard, Tewodros Eguale, Kristen Riedel, André Jacques, Sarkis Meterissian, David L Buckeridge, Michal Abrahamowicz and Robyn Tamblyn
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:219
  21. The work of developing clinical practice guidelines began just a little more than ten years ago in China. Up to now, there have been few studies about them.

    Authors: Zhi-hong Zheng, Shu-qi Cui, Xiao-qin Lu, David Zakus, Wan-nian Liang, Fang Huang, Xiao-na Cao, Ya-li Zhao, Xiao-xia Peng, Ke-qin Rao and Jing Wu
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:218
  22. The rate of caesarean delivery (CD) in rural China has been rapidly increasing in recent decades. Due to the exorbitant costs associated with CD, paying for this expensive procedure is often a great challenge ...

    Authors: Kun Huang, Fangbiao Tao, Lennart Bogg and Shenglan Tang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:217
  23. Hypertension is a serious public health problem in China and in other developing countries. Our aim is to conduct a systematic review of studies on the effectiveness of community interventions for hypertension...

    Authors: Zuxun Lu, Shiyi Cao, Yun Chai, Yuan Liang, Max Bachmann, Marc Suhrcke and Fujian Song
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:216
  24. 1st generation 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonists (5-HT3 RAs), and palonosetron, a 2nd generation 5-HT3 RA, are indicated for the prevention of chemotherapy (CT)-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) associate...

    Authors: Swu-Jane Lin, Hind T Hatoum, Deborah Buchner, David Cox and Sanjeev Balu
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:215
  25. To evaluate the appropriateness of potential data sources for the population of performance indicators for primary care (PC) practices.

    Authors: Michael E Green, William Hogg, Colleen Savage, Sharon Johnston, Grant Russell, R Liisa Jaakkimainen, Richard H Glazier, Janet Barnsley and Richard Birtwhistle
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:214
  26. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) can be delivered in many forms. Group based DSME is widespread due to being a cheaper method and the added advantages of having patient meet and discuss with each othe...

    Authors: Aslak Steinsbekk, LisbethØ Rygg, Monde Lisulo, Marit B Rise and Atle Fretheim
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:213
  27. Health facilities require teams of health workers with complementary skills and responsibilities to efficiently provide quality care. In low-income countries, failure to attract and retain health workers in ru...

    Authors: Peter C Rockers, Wanda Jaskiewicz, Laura Wurts, Margaret E Kruk, George S Mgomella, Francis Ntalazi and Kate Tulenko
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:212
  28. Gastrointestinal (GI), respiratory and dermal symptoms are common and cause substantial morbidity, although the information on their exact incidence and comparative burden is limited. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Nusrat Najnin, Martha Sinclair, Andrew Forbes and Karin Leder
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:211
  29. Routine monitoring of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial for measuring program success and accurate drug forecasting. However, compiling data from patient registers to measure retention in ART...

    Authors: Hannock Tweya, Caryl Feldacker, Anne Ben-Smith, Anthony D Harries, Ryuichi Komatsu, Andreas Jahn, Sam Phiri and Jean-Michel Tassie
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:210
  30. There is increasing interest in the contribution of the quality of nursing care to patient outcomes. Due to different casemix and risk profiles, algorithms for administrative health data that identify nursing-...

    Authors: Sally Wilson, Alexandra P Bremner, Yvonne Hauck and Judith Finn
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:209
  31. Limited financial and geographic access to primary care can adversely influence chronic disease outcomes. We examined variation in awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemi...

    Authors: Raegan W Durant, Gaurav Parmar, Faisal Shuaib, Anh Le, Todd M Brown, David L Roth, Martha Hovater, Jewell H Halanych, James M Shikany, Ronald J Prineas, Tandaw J Samdarshi and Monika M Safford
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:208
  32. Obstetric epidural analgesia (EA) is widely applied, but studies have reported that its use may be less extensive among immigrant women or those from minority ethnic groups. Our aim was to examine whether this...

    Authors: Alberto Jiménez-Puente, Nicolás Benítez-Parejo, Jorge Del Diego-Salas, Francisco Rivas-Ruiz and Claudio Maañón-Di Leo
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:207
  33. In India, since the 1990s, there has been a burgeoning of NGOs involved in providing primary health care. This has resulted in a complex NGO-Government interface which is difficult for lone NGOs to navigate. T...

    Authors: Nathan J Grills, Priscilla Robinson and Maneesh Phillip
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:206
  34. The extant literature suggests that poorly defined job roles make it difficult for peer support workers to be successful, and hinder their integration into multi-disciplinary workplace teams. This article uses...

    Authors: Nora Jacobson, Lucy Trojanowski and Carolyn S Dewa
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:205
  35. Universal access is one of the major aims in public health and social care. Services should be provided on the basis of individual needs. However, municipal autonomy and the fragmentation of services may jeopa...

    Authors: Sari Kehusmaa, Ilona Autti-Rämö, Hans Helenius, Katariina Hinkka, Maria Valaste and Pekka Rissanen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:204
  36. London has the largest proportion of tuberculosis (TB) cases of any western European capital, with almost half of new cases drug-resistant. Prevalence varies considerably between and within boroughs with resea...

    Authors: Ruth Belling, Susan McLaren, Markella Boudioni and Leslie Woods
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:203
  37. Decision Analytic Models (DAMs) are established means of evidence-synthesis to differentiate between health interventions. They have mainly been used to inform clinical decisions and health technology assessme...

    Authors: Catherine R H Aicken, Nigel T Armstrong, Jackie A Cassell, Neil Macdonald, Angela C Bailey, Sandra A Johnson and Catherine H Mercer
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:202
  38. In the literature there are only few empirical studies that analyse the decision makers’ reasoning to contract out health care and social services to private sector. However, the decisions on the delivery patt...

    Authors: Liina-Kaisa Tynkkynen, Juhani Lehto and Sari Miettinen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:201
  39. Health systems evidence can enhance policymaking and strengthen national health systems. In the Middle East, limited research exists on the use of evidence in the policymaking process. This multi-country study...

    Authors: Fadi El-Jardali, John N Lavis, Nour Ataya, Diana Jamal, Walid Ammar and Saned Raouf
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:200
  40. Healthcare workers including physicians, nurses, medical technicians and administrative staff experience high levels of occupational stress as a result of heavy workloads, extended working hours and time-relat...

    Authors: Yueh-Chi Tsai and Chieh-Hsing Liu
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:199
  41. Checklists are clinical decision support tools that improve process of care and patient outcomes. We previously demonstrated that prompting critical care physicians to address issues on a daily rounding checkl...

    Authors: Curtis H Weiss, Stephen D Persell, Richard G Wunderink and David W Baker
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:198
  42. Accidental falls among inpatients are a substantial cause of hospital injury. A number of successful experimental studies on fall prevention have shown the importance and efficacy of multifactorial interventio...

    Authors: Sachiko Ohde, Mineko Terai, Aya Oizumi, Osamu Takahashi, Gautam A Deshpande, Miwako Takekata, Ryoichi Ishikawa and Tsuguya Fukui
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:197
  43. Typologies traditionally used for international comparisons of health systems often conflate many system characteristics. To capture policy changes over time and by service in health systems regulation of publ...

    Authors: Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, Emilie Renahy, Tania Jenkins and Helen Cerigo
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:107
  44. High quality program data is critical for managing, monitoring, and evaluating national HIV treatment programs. By 2009, the Malawi Ministry of Health had initiated more than 270,000 patients on HIV treatment ...

    Authors: Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Lyson Tenthani, Shira Mitchell, Frank M Chimbwandira, Simon Makombe, Zengani Chirwa, Erik J Schouten, Marcello Pagano and Andreas Jahn
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:196
  45. Perinatal (mortality) audit can be considered to be a way to improve the careprocess for all pregnant women and their newborns by creating an opportunity to learn from unwanted events in the care process. In u...

    Authors: Mariet Th van Diem, Albertus Timmer, Klasien A Bergman, Katelijne Bouman, Nico van Egmond, Dennis A Stant, Lida H M Ulkeman, Wenda B Veen and JanJaapHM Erwich
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:195
  46. Task-shifting to lay community health providers is increasingly suggested as a potential strategy to overcome the barriers to sustainable antiretroviral treatment (ART) scale-up in high-HIV-prevalence, resourc...

    Authors: Edwin Wouters, Wim Van Damme, Dingie van Rensburg, Caroline Masquillier and Herman Meulemans
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:194
  47. Patients undergoing major orthopaedic surgery (MOS), such as total hip (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR), are at high risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). For thromboembolism prophylaxis, the o...

    Authors: Sonja Zindel, Stephanie Stock, Dirk Müller and Björn Stollenwerk
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:192
  48. Information on prescribing quality of diabetes care is required by health care providers, insurance companies, policy makers, and the public. Knowledge regarding the opinions and preferences of all involved pa...

    Authors: Liana Martirosyan, Joekie Markhorst, Petra Denig, Flora M Haaijer-Ruskamp and Jozé Braspenning
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:191