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  1. P.Re.Val.E. is the most comprehensive comparative evaluation program of healthcare outcomes in Lazio, an Italian region, and the first Italian study to make health provider performance data available to the pu...

    Authors: Danilo Fusco, Anna P Barone, Chiara Sorge, Mariangela D'Ovidio, Massimo Stafoggia, Adele Lallo, Marina Davoli and Carlo A Perucci
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:25
  2. Health information technology can enhance self-management and quality of life for patients with chronic disease and overcome healthcare barriers for patients with limited English proficiency. After a randomize...

    Authors: Neda Ratanawongsa, Margaret A Handley, Judy Quan, Urmimala Sarkar, Kelly Pfeifer, Catalina Soria and Dean Schillinger
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:22
  3. In the majority of China, the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) at the county level provides both clinical and public health care for TB cases, with hospitals and other health facilities referring suspected TB ...

    Authors: Guanyang Zou, Xiaolin Wei, John D Walley, Jia Yin and Qiang Sun
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:21
  4. Global coronary heart disease (CHD) risk assessment is recommended to guide primary preventive pharmacotherapy. However, little is known about physicians' understanding and use of global CHD risk assessment. O...

    Authors: Benjamin Shillinglaw, Anthony J Viera, Teresa Edwards, Ross Simpson and Stacey L Sheridan
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:20
  5. To test the validity and reliability of scales intended to measure activity limitations faced by children with chronic illnesses living in the community. The scales were based on information provided by caregi...

    Authors: Charles D Phillips, Ashweeta Patnaik, Darcy K Moudouni, Emily Naiser, James A Dyer, Catherine Hawes, Constance J Fournier, Thomas R Miller and Timothy R Elliott
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:19
  6. Observational research frequently uses administrative codes for mental health or substance use diagnoses and for important behaviours such as suicide attempts. We sought to validate codes (International Classific...

    Authors: Hyungjin Myra Kim, Eric G Smith, Claire M Stano, Dara Ganoczy, Kara Zivin, Heather Walters and Marcia Valenstein
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:18
  7. Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent chronic condition globally that results in extensive morbidity, decreased quality of life, and increased health services utilization. Lifestyle changes can prevent the developmen...

    Authors: Alex H Cho, Ley A Killeya-Jones, Julianne M O'Daniel, Kensaku Kawamoto, Patrick Gallagher, Susanne Haga, Joseph E Lucas, Gloria M Trujillo, Scott V Joy and Geoffrey S Ginsburg
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:16
  8. While the benefits or otherwise of early hip fracture repair is a long-running controversy with studies showing contradictory results, this practice is being adopted as a quality indicator in several health ca...

    Authors: Julián Librero, Salvador Peiró, Edith Leutscher, Juan Merlo, Enrique Bernal-Delgado, Manuel Ridao, Natalia Martínez-Lizaga and Gabriel Sanfélix-Gimeno
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:15
  9. The literature recognizes a need for greater patient involvement in health technology assessment (HTA), but few studies have been reported, especially at the local level. Following the decentralisation of HTA ...

    Authors: Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Johanne Gagnon, Michèle St-Pierre, François-Pierre Gauvin, Florence Piron, Marc Rhainds, Martin Coulombe, Dolores Lepage-Savary, Marie Desmartis, Mylène Tantchou Dipankui and France Légaré
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:14
  10. HIV voluntary counselling and testing was a key HIV prevention strategy brought to scale by India's National AIDS Control Organization. Condom uptake is an essential metric of intervention impact given the exp...

    Authors: Rebecca Myerson, Susanna M Makela, C Chandrasekhar, Siju Mathew and Sourabh Chakraborty
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:13
  11. The health status of chronic sick ethnic minority children in the Netherlands is unequal compared with indigenous Dutch children. In order to optimize the health care for these children a specific patient-orie...

    Authors: Nordin Dahhan, Dominique Meijssen, Malika Chegary, Diederik Bosman and Bart Wolf
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:12
  12. Handover (or 'handoff') is the exchange of information between health professionals that accompanies the transfer of patient care. This process can result in adverse events. Handover 'best practices', with emp...

    Authors: Roy Ilan, Curtis D LeBaron, Marlys K Christianson, Daren K Heyland, Andrew Day and Michael D Cohen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:11
  13. Primary care practices provide a gate-keeping function in many health care systems. Since depressive disorders are highly prevalent in primary care settings, reliable detection and diagnoses are a first step t...

    Authors: Claudia Sikorski, Melanie Luppa, Hans-Helmut König, Hendrik van den Bussche and Steffi G Riedel-Heller
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:10
  14. Where hard-to-access populations (such as those living in insecure areas) lack access to basic health services, relief agencies, donors, and ministries of health face a dilemma in selecting the most effective ...

    Authors: Catherine Pitt, Bayard Roberts and Francesco Checchi
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:9
  15. The aim of this study was to determine the health expenses incurred by families with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those expenses' relation to total household income and expenditures.

    Authors: Jia Wang, Xue Zhou, Wei Xia, Cai-Hong Sun, Li-Jie Wu, Jian-Li Wang and Akemi Tomoda
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:7
  16. Diagnosing tuberculosis in children remains a great challenge in developing countries. Health staff working in the front line of the health service delivery system has a major responsibility for timely identif...

    Authors: Stephanie Bjerrum, Michala V Rose, Ib C Bygbjerg, Sayoki G Mfinanga, Britt P Tersboel and Pernille Ravn
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:6
  17. Aims of the present study are the following: 1. to describe the rationale and methodology of the Services and Health for Elderly in Long TERm care (SHELTER) study, a project funded by the European Union, aimed...

    Authors: Graziano Onder, Iain Carpenter, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Jacob Gindin, Dinnus Frijters, Jean Claude Henrard, Thorsten Nikolaus, Eva Topinkova, Matteo Tosato, Rosa Liperoti, Francesco Landi and Roberto Bernabei
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:5
  18. The productive capacity of retired people is usually not valued. However, some retirees produce much more than we might expect. This diary-based study identifies the activities of older people, and suggests so...

    Authors: Klas-Göran Sahlen, Curt Löfgren, Håkan Brodin, Lars Dahlgren and Lars Lindholm
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:4
  19. The implementation and utilization of programmes for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in most low income countries has been described as sub-optimal. As planners and service provid...

    Authors: Joseph Rujumba, James K Tumwine, Thorkild Tylleskär, Stella Neema and Harald K Heggenhougen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:3
  20. Client-initiated HIV counselling and testing has been scaled up in many African countries, in the form of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT). Test rates have remained low, with HIV-related stigma being an...

    Authors: Marte Jürgensen, Mary Tuba, Knut Fylkesnes and Astrid Blystad
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:2
  21. Patients often express strong preferences for the forms of treatment available for their disease. Incorporating these preferences into the process of treatment decision-making might improve patients' adherence...

    Authors: Nasir Umar, David Litaker, Marthe-Lisa Schaarschmidt, Wiebke K Peitsch, Astrid Schmieder and Darcey D Terris
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:1
  22. The primary behavioural risks for the most common causes of mortality and morbidity in developed countries are tobacco smoking, poor nutrition, risky alcohol use, and physical inactivity. Evidence, guidelines ...

    Authors: Kathleen M McElwaine, Megan Freund, Elizabeth M Campbell, Jenny Knight, Carolyn Slattery, Emma L Doherty, Patrick McElduff, Luke Wolfenden, Jennifer A Bowman, Paula M Wye, Karen E Gillham and John H Wiggers
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:354
  23. Congenital heart disease (CHD) accounts for a major proportion of disease in the pediatric age group. The objective of the study was to estimate the cost of illness associated with CHD pre, intra and postopera...

    Authors: Roheena Z Panni, Awais Ashfaq and Muhammad M Amanullah
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:353
  24. National Health Service (NHS) mental health workforce configuration is at the heart of successful delivery, and providers are advised to produce professional development strategies. Recent policy changes in En...

    Authors: Linda Lang, Sophie Orton, David Sallah, Teresa Hewitt-Moran, Dongmei Zhang, Sean Cullen, Sheila Dixon, Brian Bell, David Bell, Lesley Meeson and Ruoling Chen
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:352
  25. In India, private pharmacies are ubiquitous yet critical establishments that facilitate community access to medicines. These are often the first points of treatment seeking in parts of India and other low inco...

    Authors: Yogesh D Sabde, Vishal Diwan, Vivek S Saraf, Vijay K Mahadik, Vinod K Diwan and Ayesha De Costa
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:351
  26. Preventive approaches to health are disproportionately accessed by the more affluent and recent health improvement policy advocates the use of targeted preventive primary care to reduce risk factors in poorer ...

    Authors: Mhairi Mackenzie, Fiona Turner, Stephen Platt, Maggie Reid, Yingying Wang, Julia Clark, Sanjeev Sridharan and Catherine A O'Donnell
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:350
  27. Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer affecting men in the United States. The initial treatment and subsequent monitoring of PCa patients places a large burden on U.S. health care systems. The object...

    Authors: Michael E Stokes, Jack Ishak, Irina Proskorovsky, Libby K Black and Yijian Huang
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:349
  28. The aim of the present study was to assess the performance of three primary care-led initiatives providing structured care to patients with Type 2 diabetes in Ireland, a country with minimal incentives to prom...

    Authors: Sheena Mc Hugh, Paul Marsden, Carmel Brennan, Katie Murphy, Celine Croarkin, Joe Moran, Velma Harkins and Ivan J Perry
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:348
  29. As many other European healthcare systems the Danish healthcare system (DHS) has targeted chronic condition care in its reform efforts. Benchmarking is a valuable tool to identify areas for improvement. Prior ...

    Authors: Michaela Schiøtz, Mary Price, Anne Frølich, Jes Søgaard, Jette K Kristensen, Allan Krasnik, Murray N Ross, Finn Diderichsen and John Hsu
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:347
  30. Delivery of community-based prevention services for HIV, malaria, and diarrhea is a major priority and challenge in rural Africa. Integrated delivery campaigns may offer a mechanism to achieve high coverage an...

    Authors: James G Kahn, Brian Harris, Jonathan H Mermin, Thomas Clasen, Eric Lugada, Mark Grabowksy, Mikkel Vestergaard Frandsen and Navneet Garg
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:346
  31. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic populations have expanded enormously in the successful Malawi ART scale-up programme. Overcrowding, long waiting times and living far away from the clinic may affect the ext...

    Authors: Caroline Masangalawe, Akuzike Kandulu and Joep J van Oosterhout
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11:345
  32. Social audits are typically observational studies, combining qualitative and quantitative uptake of evidence with consultative interpretation of results. This often falters on issues of causality because their...

    Authors: Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S16

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  33. Focus groups, rapid assessment procedures, key informant interviews and institutional reviews of local health services provide valuable insights on health service resources and performance. A long-standing cha...

    Authors: Neil Andersson and Gilles Lamothe
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S15

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  34. Maps can portray trends, patterns, and spatial differences that might be overlooked in tabular data and are now widely used in health research. Little has been reported about the process of using maps to commu...

    Authors: Steven Mitchell, Anne Cockcroft and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S14

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  35. Corruption pervades educational and other institutions worldwide and medical schools are not exempt. Empirical evidence about levels and types of corruption in medical schools is sparse. We conducted surveys i...

    Authors: Sergio Paredes-Solís, Ascensio Villegas-Arrizón, Robert J Ledogar, Verónica Delabra-Jardón, José Álvarez-Chávez, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Anne Cockcroft and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S13

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  36. Unofficial payments in health services around the world are widespread and as varied as the health systems in which they occur. We reviewed the main lessons from social audits of petty corruption in health ser...

    Authors: Sergio Paredes-Solís, Neil Andersson, Robert J Ledogar and Anne Cockcroft
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S12

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  37. In rebuilding devastated health services, the government of Afghanistan has provided access to basic services mainly by contracting with non-government organisations (NGOs), and more recently the Strengthening...

    Authors: Anne Cockcroft, Amir Khan, Noor Md Ansari, Khalid Omer, Candyce Hamel and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S11

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  38. The Bangladesh government implemented a pilot Hospital Improvement Initiative (HII) in five hospitals in Sylhet division between 1998 and 2003. This included management and behaviour change training for staff,...

    Authors: Khalid Omer, Anne Cockcroft and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S10

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  39. Since 2005, the Tłįchǫ Community Services Agency (TCSA) in Canada's Northwest Territories (NT) has addressed rising rates of sexually transmitted infections (STI). In 2009, STI rates in the NT were ten times h...

    Authors: Karen E Edwards, Nancy Gibson, Jim Martin, Steven Mitchell and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S9

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  40. In Bangladesh, widespread dissatisfaction with government health services did not improve during the Health and Population Sector Programme (HPSP) reforms from 1998-2003. A 2003 national household survey docum...

    Authors: Anne Cockcroft, Deborah Milne, Marietjie Oelofsen, Enamul Karim and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  41. Nigeria continues to have high rates of maternal morbidity and mortality. This is partly associated with lack of adequate obstetric care, partly with high risks in pregnancy, including heavy work. We examined ...

    Authors: Neil Andersson, Khalid Omer, Dawn Caldwell, Mohammed Musa Dambam, Ahmed Yahya Maikudi, Bassey Effiong, Edet Ikpi, Etuk Udofia, Amir Khan, Umaira Ansari, Noor Ansari and Candyce Hamel
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  42. The Maldives faces challenges in the provision of health services to its population scattered across many small islands. The government commissioned two separate reproductive health surveys, in 1999 and 2004, ...

    Authors: Anne Cockcroft, LuWei Pearson, Candyce Hamel and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  43. After election in 1994, the South African government implemented national and regional programmes, such as the Wild Coast Spatial Development Initiative (SDI), to provoke economic growth and to decrease inequi...

    Authors: Steven Mitchell and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  44. The government of Pakistan introduced devolution in 2001. Responsibility for delivery of most health services passed from provincial to district governments. Two national surveys examined public opinions, use,...

    Authors: Umaira Ansari, Anne Cockcroft, Khalid Omer, Noor MD Ansari, Amir Khan, Ubaid Ullah Chaudhry and Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  45. Four social audits in 1998, 2003, 2006 and 2009 identified actions that Nicaragua could take to reduce corruption and public perception in primary health care and other key services.

    Authors: Jorge Arosteguí, Carlos Hernandez, Harold Suazo, Alvaro Cárcamo, Rosa Maria Reyes, Neil Andersson and Robert J Ledogar
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  46. Community participation was a core tenet of Primary Health Care as articulated in the 1970s. How this could be generated and maintained was less clear. This historical article describes development of protocol...

    Authors: Ascencio Villegas Arrizón, Neil Andersson and Robert J Ledogar
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2

  47. Health planners and managers make decisions based on their appreciation of causality. Social audits question the assumptions behind this and try to improve quality of available evidence. The method has its ori...

    Authors: Neil Andersson
    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2011 11(Suppl 2):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 2