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  1. Cost-containment strategies are required to face the challenge of rising drug expenditures in Oncology. Drug wastage leads to economic loss, but little is known about the size of the problem in this field.

    Authors: Gianpiero Fasola, Marianna Aita, Luisa Marini, Alessandro Follador, Marina Tosolini, Laura Mattioni, Mauro Mansutti, Andrea Piga, Silvio Brusaferro and Giuseppe Aprile

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:70

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Russia is one of the very few industrialised countries in the world where life expectancy has been declining. Alcohol has been implicated as a major contributor to the rapid fluctuations observed in male life ...

    Authors: Susannah Tomkins, Elizabeth Allen, Olga Savenko, Jim McCambridge, Lyudmila Saburova, Nikolay Kiryanov, Alexey Oralov, Artyom Gil, David A Leon, Martin McKee and Diana Elbourne

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:69

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Previous health research has often explicitly excluded individuals from minority ethnic backgrounds due to perceived cultural and communication difficulties, including studies where there might be language/lit...

    Authors: Cathy E Lloyd, Mark RD Johnson, Shanaz Mughal, Jackie A Sturt, Gary S Collins, Tapash Roy, Rukhsana Bibi and Anthony H Barnett

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:68

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI), implemented in 1995, substantially increased the number of health care facilities that can deliver free prenatal care. Because of the increase in such facilities, it i...

    Authors: Likwang Chen, Chi-Liang Chen and Wei-Chih Yang

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:67

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The Ontario health care system is devolving planning and funding authority to community based organizations and moving from steering through rules and regulations to steering on performance. As part of this tr...

    Authors: Thomas Custers, Jeremiah Hurley, Niek S Klazinga and Adalsteinn D Brown

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:66

    Content type: Correspondence

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  6. Specialist nurses may play an important role in helping to improve the experiences of patients with prostate cancer, however there is concern that the specialist nurse role is under threat in the UK due to fin...

    Authors: Carolyn Tarrant, Paul Sinfield, Shona Agarwal and Richard Baker

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:65

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This paper describes an attempt that was made to recruit child-bearing women into a nutrition-based research study and the knowledge that was gained when this approach was unsuccessful. The Assessment Before C...

    Authors: Alexis J Hure, Roger Smith and Clare E Collins

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:64

    Content type: Correspondence

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  8. Little research attention has been given to attempts to implement organisational initiatives to improve quality of care for mental health care, where there is a high level of indeterminacy and clinical judgeme...

    Authors: Linda Gask, Anne Rogers, Stephen Campbell and Rod Sheaff

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:63

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In Norway there is a shortage of valid health activity statistics from the primary care out-of-hours services and the pre-hospital emergency health care system. There is little systematic information available...

    Authors: Elisabeth Holm Hansen and Steinar Hunskaar

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:62

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The objective of the current study was to translate and validate the Iranian version of the WHOQOL-BREF.

    Authors: Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri, Kourosh Holakouie, Kazem Mohammad and Reza Majdzadeh

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:61

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Guidelines now recommend routine assessment of global coronary heart disease (CHD) risk scores. We performed a systematic review to assess whether global CHD risk scores result in clinical benefits or harms.

    Authors: Stacey L Sheridan and Eric Crespo

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:60

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Involvement of patients in the detection and prevention of safety related events and medical errors have been widely recommended. However, it has also been questioned whether patients at large are willing and ...

    Authors: David LB Schwappach

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:59

    Content type: Research article

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  13. On 1 January 2006 a number of far-reaching changes in the Dutch health insurance system came into effect. In the new system of managed competition consumer mobility plays an important role. Consumers are free ...

    Authors: Judith D de Jong, Atie van den Brink-Muinen and Peter P Groenewegen

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:58

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In a country where comprehensive free health care is provided via a public health system (SUS), an unexpected high frequency of catastrophic out-of-pocket expenditure has been described. We studied how deliver...

    Authors: Aluísio JD Barros, Iná S Santos and Andréa D Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:57

    Content type: Research article

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  15. It is commonly held that men delay help seeking because they are ignorant about and disinterested in their health. However, this discussion has not been informed by men's lay perspectives, which have remained ...

    Authors: James A Smith, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Gary Wittert and Megan Warin

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:56

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Studies on prenatal care in China have focused on the timing and frequency of prenatal care and relatively little information can be found on how maternal care has been organized and funded or on the actual co...

    Authors: Zhuochun Wu, Kirsi Viisainen, Xiaohong Li and Elina Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:55

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Caring for patients with dementia is a demanding task. Little is known as to whether physicians feel competent enough to perform this task or whether a lack of self-perceived competence influences attitudes an...

    Authors: Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Birgitt Wiese and Hendrik van den Bussche

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:54

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In view of rapidly increasing prescription costs, case-mix adjustment should be considered for effective control of costs. We have estimated the variability in pharmacy costs explained by ACG in centers using ...

    Authors: Alba Aguado, Elisabet Guinó, Bhramar Mukherjee, Antoni Sicras, Josep Serrat, Mateo Acedo, Juan Jose Ferro and Victor Moreno

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:53

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Patterns in time, place and cause of death can have an important impact on calculated hospital mortality rates. Objective is to quantify these patterns following myocardial infarction and stroke admissions in ...

    Authors: Laurentius CJ Slobbe, Onyebuchi A Arah, Agnes de Bruin and Gert P Westert

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:52

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The recent increase in the number of immigrants of Barcelona represents a challenge for the public healthcare system, the emergency department being the most used healthcare service by this group. However, uti...

    Authors: Andrea Buron, Francesc Cots, Oscar Garcia, Oriol Vall and Xavier Castells

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:51

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Mandatory generic substitution was introduced in Sweden in October 2002 in order to try to curb escalating pharmaceutical expenditure. The aim of this study was to investigate how sales patterns for substituta...

    Authors: Karolina A Andersson, Max G Petzold, Peter Allebeck and Anders Carlsten

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:50

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Delay in cancer diagnosis may be important for cancer prognosis. Large individual variations in the duration of delay have been observed. This study examines whether patients' socioeconomic characteristics are...

    Authors: Rikke Pilegaard Hansen, Frede Olesen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Ineta Sokolowski and Jens Søndergaard

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:49

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Maintaining adequately high organ donation rates proves essential to offering patients all appropriate and available treatment options. However, the act of donation is in itself an individual decision that req...

    Authors: Elias Mossialos, Joan Costa-Font and Caroline Rudisill

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:48

    Content type: Research article

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  24. As the problem of patient non-adherence persists and a solution appears hard to be found, it continues to be important to look for new ways to further the issue. We recently conducted a meta-review of adherenc...

    Authors: Sandra van Dulmen, Emmy Sluijs, Liset van Dijk, Denise de Ridder, Rob Heerdink and Jozien Bensing

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:47

    Content type: Correspondence

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  25. Non-professional involvement in delivering health and social care support in areas of socio-economic deprivation is considered important in attempting to reduce health inequalities. However, trials of peer men...

    Authors: Christine A Murphy, Margaret E Cupples, Andrew Percy, Henry L Halliday and Moira C Stewart

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:46

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In 2000, the national cancer plan for England created 34 cancer networks, new organisational structures to coordinate services across populations varying between a half and three million people. We investigate...

    Authors: Mark McCarthy, Arturo Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Chris Sherlaw-Johnson, Artak Khachatryan, Michel P Coleman and Bernard Rachet

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:45

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Primary health care (PHC) clinicians have an important role to play in addressing lifestyle risk factors for chronic diseases. However they intervene only rarely, despite the opportunities that arise within th...

    Authors: Rachel A Laws, Sue E Kirby, Gawaine P Powell Davies, Anna M Williams, Upali W Jayasinghe, Cheryl L Amoroso and Mark F Harris

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:44

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The study of Hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSH) has been proposed as an indirect measure of access to and receipt of care by older persons at the entryway to the Spanish public he...

    Authors: Purificacion Magan, Angel Otero, Angel Alberquilla and Jose Manuel Ribera

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  29. According to the provisions of the Health Act 2006, NHS acute Trusts had to become smoke-free by July 2007. Mental health Trusts were granted a further year before all indoor smoking areas have to be removed. ...

    Authors: Elena Ratschen, John Britton and Ann McNeill

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:41

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Studies of psychological stress among substance misuse professionals rarely describe the nature of burnout and psychological morbidity. The main aim of this study was to determine the extent, pattern and predi...

    Authors: Adenekan Oyefeso, Carmel Clancy and Roger Farmer

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The scope of optometry differs worldwide. In Norway the vast majority of optometrists perform ophthalmoscopy as part of their routine examinations. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of suspected

    Authors: Vibeke Sundling, Pål Gulbrandsen, Ragnheiður Bragadottir, Leiv S Bakketeig, Jak Jervell and Jørund Straand

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:38

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The elderly population consumes a large share of medical resources in the western world. A significant portion of the expense is related to hospitalizations.

    Authors: Roni Peleg, Yan Press, Maya Asher, Tatyana Pugachev, Hadas Glicensztain, Mila Lederman and Aya Biderman

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:36

    Content type: Research article

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  33. There are few studies comparing pharmaceutical costs and the use of medications between immigrants and the autochthonous population in Spain. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether there are differ...

    Authors: Montserrat Rue, Maria-Catalina Serna, Jorge Soler-Gonzalez, Anna Bosch, Maria-Cristina Ruiz-Magaz and Leonardo Galvan

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:35

    Content type: Research article

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  34. For patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) retrieval by surgeons, and assessment by pathologists of at least 12 lymph nodes (LNs) predicts the need for adjuvant treatment and improved survival. Different interv...

    Authors: Anna R Gagliardi, Frances C Wright, Mahmoud A Khalifa and Andrew J Smith

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:34

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Diabetes self-management education is a critical component in diabetes care. Despite worldwide efforts to develop efficacious DSME programs, high attrition rates are often reported in clinical practice. The ob...

    Authors: Enza Gucciardi, Margaret DeMelo, Ana Offenheim and Donna E Stewart

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:33

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In Spain, there are substantial variations in the utilization of health resources among regions. Because the need for surgery differs in patients with appropriate surgical indication, introducing a prioritizat...

    Authors: Rubén Román, Mercè Comas, Javier Mar, Enrique Bernal, Alberto Jiménez-Puente, Santiago Gutiérrez-Moreno and Xavier Castells

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:32

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Indigenous Australians are slightly more than 2% of the total Australian population however, in recent years they have comprised between 6 and 10% of new patients beginning treatment for end-stage kidney disea...

    Authors: Jeannie Devitt, Alan Cass, Joan Cunningham, Cilla Preece, Kate Anderson and Paul Snelling

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:31

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Paediatric ENT services in regional areas can be provided through telemedicine (tele-ENT) using videoconferencing or with a conventional outpatient department ENT service (OPD-ENT) in which patients travel to ...

    Authors: Cathy Q Xu, Anthony C Smith, Paul A Scuffham and Richard Wootton

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:30

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Utilization is used as the principal marker of theatre performance in the NHS. This study investigated its validity as: a managerial tool, an inter-Trust indicator of efficient theatre use and as a marker of s...

    Authors: Omar Faiz, Paris Tekkis, Alistair Mcguire, Savvas Papagrigoriadis, John Rennie and Andrew Leather

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:28

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The State of Victoria in Australia introduced Chinese medicine practitioner registration in 2000 and issued its education guidelines in late 2002 for introduction in 2005. This study obtained practitioners' vi...

    Authors: Charlie C Xue, Wenyu Zhou, Anthony L Zhang, Kenneth Greenwood, Cliff Da Costa, Alex Radloff, Vivian Lin and David F Story

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:27

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) is an important part of the effort to control HIV. PMTCT services are mostly provided at public sector government hospitals in India. Systematic data on the c...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, SG Prem Kumar, YK Ramesh, M Chalapathi Rao, Elliot Marseille, James G Kahn and Rakhi Dandona

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:26

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Guidelines call for intensified glucose and lipid screening among overweight and obese patients. Data on compliance with thes...

    Authors: Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, John P Forman, Kimberly Lane, Herve Caspard and Matthew W Gillman

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:25

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Although intra-articular treatment with hyaluronic acid (HA) for symptomatic osteoarthritis has become widely accepted in recent decades, the pattern of its use has seldom been reported. We have explored the e...

    Authors: Hsiu-Yun Lai, Yu-Chun Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Li-Fang Chou, Liang-Kung Chen and Shinn-Jang Hwang

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:24

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The configuration of rural health services is influenced by geography. Rural health practitioners provide a broader range of services to smaller populations scattered over wider areas or more difficult terrain...

    Authors: Gillian M Swan, Sivasubramaniam Selvaraj and David J Godden

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:23

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Little is known on the scope and nature of ethnic inequalities in suboptimal asthma care for children. This study aimed to assess (1) ethnic differences in suboptimal asthma care for children with an asthma ex...

    Authors: JJ Nathalie Urbanus-van Laar, Johan S de Koning, Niek S Klazinga and Karien Stronks

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:22

    Content type: Research article

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