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Table 1 Characteristics of dual eligibles age 65 and over, by primary care use

From: The association between primary care use and potentially-preventable hospitalization among dual eligibles age 65 and over

Variable Received no primary care Received some primary care Received only primary care
N (person-years) 1,707,535 7,230,068 1,523,524
Mean age 76.5*** (8.1) 78.2*** (8.6) 76.8*** (8.1)
% Male 38.5*** 30.0*** 31.3***
Race/Ethnicity
 % White 48.1*** 55.1*** 41.4***
 % Black 17.5*** 14.9*** 15.6***
 % Asian/Pacific Islander 10.3*** 10.9*** 19.6***
 % AI/AN 2.7*** 0.9*** 1.0***
 % Hispanic 20.2*** 17.0*** 21.2***
 % Other 1.2*** 1.2*** 1.2***
Disability Status
 % Older adult with disability 23.4*** 27.9*** 21.4***
Residence
 % Urban 79.4*** 83.1*** 79.1***
 % Rural 20.6*** 16.9*** 20.9***
Health Status
 Mean # of chronic conditions 3.0*** (2.9) 6.2*** (2.9) 3.5*** (2.3)
 % with 0 chronic conditions 28.2*** 0.9*** 7.4***
 % with 1–3 chronic conditions 32.6*** 17.5*** 46.9***
 % with 4–6 chronic conditions 25.6*** 38.7*** 34.9***
 % with 7–9 chronic conditions 10.9*** 29.7*** 9.2***
 % with 10+ chronic conditions 2.7*** 13.2*** 1.6***
Health Services Use
 Mean PCP visits 0.0*** (0.0) 9.6*** (9.0) 5.2*** (4.6)
 Mean outpatient specialist visits 4.5*** (6.6) 10.5*** (11.2) 0.0*** (0.0)
ACSC Hospitalizations
 Mean # of ACSC hospitalizations 0.05*** (0.3) 0.1*** (0.5) 0.04*** (0.3)
 % with 1+ ACSC hospitalization 3.6*** 9.0*** 3.3***
  1. Note: Sample includes individuals ages 65 and older with at least 2 consecutive observations in 2012–2018, a maximum of 365 total outpatient visits in any year, and no missing race/ethnicity or sex data. Ranksum test for continuous variables or chi-squared test on categorial variables to test differences between individuals who did not receive primary care, who did receive some primary care, and who received only primary care
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01
  4. ***p < 0.001