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Table 7 Differences in outcome items (S-HSOPS) between profession and between labor ward

From: Healthcare professionals’ perceptions of patient safety culture and teamwork in intrapartum care: a cross-sectional study

  Midwives (n = 101) Physicians (n = 44) Nursing assistants (n = 28) Kruskal–WallisH Pvalue
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Patient safety grade1 2.1 (.66) 2.3 (.71) 2.1 (.90) 3.32 .190
Number of events reported2 1.9 (.68) 2.2 (.90) 1.3 (.72) 21.34 .000
Number of risks reported3 1.6 (.91) 1.6 (.92) 1.3 (.71) 4.554 .103
  Labor ward 1 (n = 54) Labor ward 2 (n = 70) Labor ward 3 (n = 52) Kruskal WallisH Pvalue
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Patient safety grade1 2.3 (.77) 2.1 (.77) 2.2 (.54) 2.29 .319
Number of events reported2 1.9 (.83) 1.7 (.70) 1.8 (.86) 1.10 .576
Number of risks reported3 1.7 (.92) 1.4 (.76) 1.7 (.96) 7.73 .021
  1. 1Scale ranged from 1 = ‘Failing’ to 5 = ‘Excellent’
  2. 2Scale ranged from 1 = ‘no event’, 2 = ‘1–2 events’, 3 = ‘3–5 events’, 4 = ‘6–10 events’, 5 = ‘11–20 events’, 6 = ‘ ≥ 21 events’
  3. 3Scale ranged from 1 = ‘no risk’, 2 = ‘1–2 risks’, 3 = ‘3–5 risks’, 4 = ‘6–10 risks’, 5 = ‘11–20 risks’ and 6 = ‘ > 21 risks’