Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of what was monitored remotely and when in the included studies

From: Effectiveness of remote home monitoring for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): systematic review

Study Frequency of monitoring Symptoms Medication use Oxygen saturation Respiratory rate Spirometry Heart rate Blood pressure Temperature Weight Exercise
RHM (smartphones, apps, tablets) vs no RHM
  Park 2020* [19] • At least 4 times per week and when experiencing an exacerbation
• Exercises were only recorded on days patients exercised
       
  Boer 2019 [20] • Every time patient experienced a change in disease symptoms or burden        
  Walker 2018 [21] • Daily       
  Tabak 2014a [22] • Daily        
  Tabak 2014b [23] • Daily        
RHM (dedicated monitoring devices) vs no RHM
  Shany 2017* [24] • Daily    
  Vianello 2016 [25] • Every other day and in the event of clinical worsening
• Symptoms and medication use were reported only when requested by healthcare provider
       
  Segrelles 2014 [26] • Daily         
  De San Miguel 2013 [27] • Daily       
  Jehn 2013 [28] • Daily in the morning during a specified 2 h window
• Exercise was monitored weekly in the morning during a specified two-hour window
        
  Jodar-Sanchez 2013 [29] • Daily
• Pulmonary function was measured twice a week
        
  Pare 2013 [30] • Daily         
  Chau 2012 [31] • Daily (three times a day)          
  Dinesen 2012 [32] • As prescribed by physician      
  Lewis  2010 [33] • Daily (twice a day at specified times)          
  Au 2015 [34] • Daily       
  Davis 2015 [35] • Daily         
RHM with feedback (phone calls, text messages) vs RHM with no feedback
  Sink 2018 [39] • Daily
• Frequency reduced to twice a week if no worsening of symptoms for 30 consecutive days
• Frequency temporarily resumed to daily if breathing assessment detected a worsening in breathing
         
  Franke 2016 [37] • Daily          
  1. *Cross-over randomized trial