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Table 1 Remote Home Monitoring PICOS elements of the clinical effectiveness review protocol

From: Effectiveness of remote home monitoring for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): systematic review

Parameter Inclusion Criteria Exclusion Criteria
Participants • Patients With COPD • Patients with Asthma
• No patients (simulation studies)
Intervention • Remote home monitoring (home is defined as independent or supportive living environments) • Remote home monitoring programs for patients living in Long Term Care Facilities or Nursing Homes
• Remote monitoring that is part of an outpatient program delivered in a hospital or community setting
• Remote monitoring that is part of an inpatient program
Comparator • Usual care (patients managed by their General Practitioner, specialist or both according to local practices)  
Outcomes • Health-related quality of life
• Patient experience
• Frequency of exacerbations
• Healthcare resource utilization
◦ Hospital admissions
◦ ER visits
◦ Physician visits
• Adherence to/ compliance with treatment
• Safety
• Exercise capacity and activity levels
• Mental Health
• Self-efficacy
• Cost per patient
• Provider experience
• Lung function and symptoms
• Studies without any defined clinical outcomes
• Studies with no relevant clinical outcomes
Study Design Comparative studies
• Randomized and non-randomized controlled trials (RCTs and non-RCTs)
• Cohort studies
• Case–control studies
• Non-English language
• Expert reviews
• Editorials and opinion pieces
• Studies published prior to 2010