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Table 3 Knowledge and attitudes regarding PrEP, PEP and U=U among HIV physicians from Brazil and Mexico, 2020

From: Awareness, knowledge, and attitudes related to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and other prevention strategies among physicians from Brazil and Mexico: cross-sectional web-based survey

  Total Brazil Mexico P valuea
(N = 481)
n (%)
(N = 339; 70.5%)
n (%)
(N = 142; 29.5%)
n (%)
 
PrEP (yes)
 Knowledge of national PrEP guidelines 387 (81.1) 281 (82.9) 106 (76.8) .12
 Willingness to prescribe PrEP 357 (74.2) 265 (78.2) 92 (64.8) <.01
 Ever referred a patient to receive PrEP 271 (57.7) 244 (72) 27 (20.6) <.001
 Ever trained in PrEP 139 (29) 93 (27.4) 46 (32.6) .25
 Ever prescribed PrEP 209 (44.4) 162 (49.1) 47 (33.3) <.01
 Site of PrEP prescribing
  Private office 104 (49.8) 73 (45.1) 31 (66.0) .01
  Demonstration studies 33 (15.8) 30 (18.5) 3 (6.4) .06
  Clinical trials 18 (8.6) 16 (9.9) 2 (4.3) .38
  SUSb 116 (24.1) 116 (71.6) N/Ad
PEP (yes)
 Knowledge of national PEP guidelines 418 (91.9) 300 (95.9) 118 (83.1) <.001
 Ever prescribed PEP 413 (85.9) 314 (92.6) 99 (69.7) <.001
 Ever referred a patient to receive PEP 359 (76.6) 296 (87.3) 63 (44.4) <.001
 Ever trained in PEP 209 (43.5) 148 (43.7) 61 (43) .89
 Reasons for PEP prescription
  Occupational 331 (80.1) 288 (91.7) 43 (43.4) <.001
  Consensual sex 278 (67.3) 252 (80.3) 26 (26.3) <.001
  Sexual violence 275 (66.6) 231 (73.6) 44 (44.4) <.001
U=Uc (yes)
 Perceived U=U slogan as completely accurate 339 (70.5) 251 (74.0) 88 (62.0) <.001
 Ever trained in U=U 219 (45.5) 131 (38.6) 88 (62.0) <.001
  1. aChi-square tests for all comparisons, except for Site of PrEP prescribing (Fisher’s exact test)
  2. bSUS: Brazilian Unified Health System (in Portuguese)
  3. cU=U Undetectable equals untransmittable
  4. dN/A Not applicable