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Table 2 Determinants of person-centred dementia care and support

From: How to implement person-centred care and support for dementia in outpatient and home/community settings: Scoping review

Level Enablers Barriers
Patient or Carer • Developing daily routine
• Perceived or tangible benefits
• Memory aids
• Positive past experience
• Lack of practical or emotional support from their carer to routinize activity
• Reluctance to be helped
• Family conflict
• Children geographically or socially distant from affected parent
• Children feeling like unwanted intruder
Healthcare worker • Mutual support from colleague
• Job satisfaction
• Experiential learning
• Awareness of family dynamic problems
• Maintaining neutral disposition
• Following family lead
• Creating a safe environment in which to offer help
• Variable knowledge/understanding of PCC
• Attitudes about dementia
• Perceived lack of control/time
• Perceived low status within organization
Organization • Leadership style that promotes PCCS
• How managers support and value staff
• Risk management
• Opinion leaders who advocate and model PCCS
• PCC integrated in policy documents
• Inadequate staffing
• Resource constraints
• Pressurized environment