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Table 2 Associations between healthcare utilisation variables, and stroke and cognitive function

From: The impact of stroke, cognitive function and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) on healthcare utilisation in Ireland: a cross-sectional nationally representative study

  No stroke Stroke   
Healthcare utilisation variables NCI
(n = 4020; 68.6%)
CI
(n = 1747; 29.8%)
NCI
(n = 42; 0.7%)
CI
(n = 50; 0.9%)
  
  N used service (%)
Mean (SD)
Median (range)
N used service (%)
Mean (SD)
Median (range)
N used service (%)
Mean (SD)
Median (range)
N used service (%)
Mean (SD)
Median (range)
Kruskal–Wallis test P value
GP visitsa (n = 5851) 3447 (85.7) 1592 (91.1) 39 (92.9) 48 (96.0) 215.382  < 0.001
3.2 (3.33)* 4.7 (4.65)* 6.9 (6.77)* 7.3 (6.07)*
2 (0–25) 4 (0–25) 4 (0–25) 4 (0–25)
Emergency visitsb (n = 5856) 563 (14.0) 299 (17.1) 12 (28.6) 12 (24.0) 8.184 0.042
0.20 (0.62)* 0.27 (0.74)* 0.62 (1.32)* 0.42 (0.88)*
0 (0–6) 0 (0–6) 0 (0–6) 0 (0–4)
Number of nights in hospitalc (n = 5857) 449 (11.2) 259 (14.8) 8 (19.0) 15 (30.0) 11.745 0.008
0.54 (1.90)* 0.84 (2.39)* 1.52 (3.42) 2.34 (3.94)*
0 (0–10) 0 (0–10) 0 (0–10) 0 (0–10)
Outpatient visitsc (n = 5857) 1692 (42.1) 769 (44.0) 26 (61.9) 23 (46.0) 15.224 0.002
1.17 (2.09)* 1.32 (2.32)* 3.10 (3.57)* 1.88 (2.90)
0 (0–10) 0 (0–10) 2 (0–10) 0 (0–10)
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) Cramer’s V P value
Physiotherapy (PT)
 Not used 3834 (95.4)* 1636 (93.7)* 40 (95.2) 45 (90.0) 0.041 0.015d
 Used service 186 (4.6) 111 (6.3) 2 (4.8) 5 (10.0)
Occupational therapy (OT)
 Not used 3977 (98.9)* 1721 (98.5) 39 (92.9)* 44 (88.0)* 0.098  < 0.001
 Used service 43 (1.1) 26 (1.5) 3 (7.1) 6 (12.0)
Psychology (PSY)
 Not used 3980 (99.0) 1730 (99.0) 41 (97.6) 50 (100.0) 0.015 0.574d
 Used service 40 (1.0) 17 (1.0) 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0)
At least 1 rehabilitation service used (OT/ PSY)
 Not used 3782 (94.1)* 1608 (92.0)* 38 (90.5) 41 (82.0)* 0.057  < 0.001d
 Used services 238 (5.9) 139 (8.0) 4 (9.5) 9 (18.0)
  1. Results are based on Chi-Square tests (categorical variables) and the Kruskal–Wallis test for non-normally distributed outcomes (continuous variables)
  2. *Denotes a statistically significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between this category and the reference category (No stroke/ NCI)
  3. NCI No Cognitive Impairment, CI Cognitive Impairment, SD Standard Deviation, GP General Practitioner
  4. avariable truncated at 25 visits in the public TILDA dataset; 5126 participants had at least one visit to the GP
  5. bvariable truncated at 6 visits in the public TILDA dataset; 886 participants had at least one visit to emergency services
  6. cvariable truncated at 10 visits in the public TILDA dataset; 731 participants spent at least one night in hospital; 2510 participants had at least one visit to outpatient services
  7. dFisher’s exact text (adjusted for small samples)