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Table 4 All-cause primary care costs of patients treated for COPD in Denmark 2016

From: Healthcare costs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Denmark – specialist care versus GP care only

COPD care level five years back: GP care only (reference) Specialist care at least once Comparison
Primary care service Cost total in 1000 Costs / pt. year in % Cost total in 1000 Costs / pt. year in % CoefAdj (95%CI)
Primary care total 40,025 594 100 29,808 682 100 1.13(1.13–1.13)
GP total 22,199 329 55.5 18,635 427 62.5 1.26(1.26–1.26)
GP daytime consultations 17,637 262 44.1 12,033 275 40.4 1.04(1.03–1.04)
GP daytime phone calls 1,337 20 3.3 1,325 30 4.4 1.49(1.49–1.50)
GP daytime home visits 924 14 2.3 1,822 42 6.1 2.57(2.56–2.58)
GP daytime Emails 879 13 2.2 949 22 3.2 1.57(1.56–1.57)
GP out of hours consultations 321 5 0.8 291 7 1.0 1.48(1.48–1.49)
GP out of hours phone calls 383 6 1.0 568 13 1.9 2.27(2.26–2.28)
GP out of hours home visits 719 11 1.8 1,647 38 5.5 3.30(3.29–3.31)
Internal medicine specialist 895 13 2.2 364 8 1.2 0.66(0.66–0.66)
Ophthalmologist 3,144 47 7.9 2,021 46 6.8 0.94(0.93–0.94)
Otorhinolaryngologist 1,637 24 4.1 981 22 3.3 0.90(0.90–0.91)
Other specialist physicians 3,181 47 7.9 1,945 45 6.5 0.98(0.97–0.98)
Physiotherapist* 4,224 63 10.6 3,220 74 10.8 1.16(1.16–1.16)
Chiropractor* 185 3 0.5 77 2 0.3 0.68(0.67–0.68)
Psychologist* 214 3 0.5 137 3 0.5 1.15(1.14–1.16)
Dentist* 3,694 55 9.2 1,880 43 6.3 0.81(0.81–0.81)
Foot therapist* 653 10 1.6 548 13 1.8 1.25(1.24–1.25)
  1. Abbreviations: COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, GP General practitioner, NA Non-applicable; the *costs are exclusive of substantial patient co-payment; CoefAdj Sex- and age-adjusted coefficient, CI Confidence interval