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Table 2 Background descriptive statistics of focal older adults, partners and children. In percent of total person-years

From: Do characteristics of family members influence older persons’ transition to long-term healthcare services?

  All Men Women   All Men Women
Characteristics of focal older adults     Person-years (N) 3,956,903 1,949,549 2,007,354
Age 65–69 40.3 41.0 39.7     
Age70–74 26.7 26.8 26.5 Characteristics of children    
Age 75–79 16.7 16.3 17.0 No child 11.8 13.0 10.6
Age 80–84 10.4 10.1 10.7     
Age 85–89 4.7 4.6 4.8 Only daughters  21.2 21.0 21.7
Age 90+ 1.2 1.2 1.3 Only sons 22.8 22.5 23.2
     Both genders 44.0 43.5 44.5
Partnered 68.0 77.2 59.2     
1 child 13.0 12.6 13.4 1+ child highly educated 53.7 53.9 53.5
2+ children 75.2 74.4 76.0     
     1+ child partnered 60.7 58.2 63.2
Immigrant 4.7 4.4 5.0     
High education 38.2 47.1 29.5 1+ child poor health 42.1 41.0 43.2
Pension or other public support 93.9 94.4 93.5     
Employed 21.9 26.9 17.1 1+ child out of work 21.6 21.3 21.9
Municipal care service transitionsa     1+ child receives social assistance 3.0 3.1 3.0
Any service 5.4 5.0 5.9     
     1+ child advantaged 68.5 67.1 69.9
Practical assistance 1.2 0.9 1.6     
Home health care 3.2 3.0 3.3 Children nearbyb    
Institutionalized care 1.5 1.6 1.5 No children nearby 26.3 27.5 25.1
Short-term 1.5 1.5 1.4 At least 1 child nearby 61.9 59.5 64.3
Long-term 0.2 0.2 0.2     
Other services 1.1 0.9 1.3 1 child nearby 32.9 31.5 34.3
     2 children nearby 23.0 22.2 23.8
Characteristics of partners     3 children nearby 6.0 5.8 6.3
No partner 32.0 22.8 40.8     
     1+ advantaged child nearby 47.1 44.9 49.3
Age < 60 2.8 5.2 0.5     
Age 60–64 8.3 14.4 2.4     
Age 65–69 20.0 25.0 15.2     
Age70–74 17.3 16.8 17.7     
Age 75–79 10.7 9.3 12.0     
Age 80–84 6.0 4.6 7.4     
Age 85–89 2.4 1.6 3.2     
Age 90+ 0.5 0.3 0.8     
Immigrant 3.1 4.3 2.1     
High education 27.4 25.9 28.7     
LTC services use 5.8 5.8 5.7     
  1. aAltogether 215,338 individuals (26.3%) received LTC services, 118,602 (28.4%) women and 96,736 (24.0%) men. Altogether, 60,137 (7.3%) were institutionalized, 124,961 (15.2%) received home health care, 48,701 (5.9%) received practical assistance and 44,655 (5.4%) received ‘other services’. Since many used multiple services at the onset of care use, the sum of users of individual services exceeds the overall number of LTC users
  2. bNear is defined as < 10 km