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Table 4 Estimates of change in PFI-burnout composite score by physician specialty estimated by conditional quantile regression using weighted survey data. Huber-White robust 95% confidence intervals reported in parentheses

From: Frontline physician burnout during the COVID-19 pandemic: national survey findings

  Emergency Medicine Critical carec Primary Cared Hospitalist Infectious Disease
Panel A. All Respondentsa
 25th Quantile
  Wave 1 0.86 0.90 0.44 0.65 0.43
  Wave 2 0.61 0.54 0.37 0.65 0.57
  Change −0.26 − 0.36 − 0.07 0.00 0.15
(− 1.07,0.56) (− 1.02,0.30) (− 0.40,0.27) (− 0.68,0.67) (− 0.35,0.64)
 Median Quantile
  Wave 1 1.49 1.42 0.68 1.05 1.07
  Wave 2 1.43 1.38 0.98 1.48 1.14
  Change −0.06 −0.04 0.31 0.42 0.07
(−0.61,0.49) (−0.76,0.67) (− 0.34,0.95) (− 0.10,0.94) (−0.64,0.78)
 75th Quantile
  Wave 1 1.90 1.94 1.73 1.74 1.53
  Wave 2 2.01 2.19 1.68 2.18 1.76
  Change 0.11 0.25 −0.06 0.43 0.23
(− 0.74,0.96) (− 0.57,1.07) (−1.02,0.91) (−0.39,1.25) (− 0.71,1.18)
Panel B. Balanced panelb
 25th Quantile
  Wave 1 1.45 1.06 0.30 0.50 0.44
  Wave 2 0.38 0.73 0.28 1.11 0.53
  Change −1.07 −0.33 −0.02 0.61 0.10
(−2.39,0.24) (−1.53,0.88) (−1.27,1.23) (−0.84,2.07) (−0.40,0.59)
 Median Quantile
  Wave 1 1.52 1.71 0.50 0.99 0.94
  Wave 2 1.53 1.76 0.90 1.76 1.20
  Change 0.01 0.05 0.40 0.77 0.26
(−2.09,2.12) (−1.70,1.80) (−1.36,2.16) (−1.22,2.76) (− 1.20,1.72)
 75th Quantile
  Wave 1 2.06 1.90 1.41 2.05 1.65
  Wave 2 2.25 2.10 1.52 2.23 1.39
  Change 0.19 0.20 0.11 0.18 −0.26
(−0.93,1.31) (−0.69,1.08) (−1.02,1.23) (−1.21,1.57) (−1.36,0.84)
  1. a All Respondents sample consists of 460 survey responses from 381 physicians. Eighteen responses were dropped due to missing covariate data
  2. b Balanced panel consists of 97 physicians whom responded in both waves, for 194 total observations
  3. cCritical care is an aggregation of “Critical care medicine” and “Pulmonary critical care” specialties
  4. dPrimary care is an aggregation of “Internal medicine” and “Family medicine” specialties