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Table 2 Association of full-time equivalent (FTE) capacity measures with nonpharmacologic therapy utilization in the direct care system: Results from fourteen multivariate regression models (n = 1300 observations)

From: The relationship between capacity and utilization of nonpharmacologic therapies in the US Military Health System

  Regression Coefficient Estimate (Standard Error)a
Independent variable:b Regression Model Dependent Variable: Users per 1000 Sample Members
Model 1
TE
Model 2
CH/OM
Model 3
ACU
Model 4
Massage
Model 5
TENS
Model 6
Oth PT
Model 7
Oth PsychE
 Physical Therapist FTE 0.6056 (.0901)*** 0.2058 (.0526)*** 0.0341 (.0085)*** 0.3109 (.0437)*** 0.1187 (.0263)*** 0.3287 (.0652)*** −0.0133 (.0889)
 Chiropractor FTE 0.6506 (.2694)* 0.9363 (.1796)*** 0.0682 (.0289)* 0.4599 (.1733)** 0.4586 (.1129)*** 0.6905 (.2236)** 0.3487 (.3130)
 Behavioral Health Provider FTE −0.0266 (.0186) −0.0072 (.0120) 0.0057 (.0021)** −0.0092 (.0082) − 0.0148 (.0065)* −0.0330 (.0133)** 0.0514 (.0386)
Independent variable:b Regression Model Dependent Variable: Encounters per therapy userc
Model 1
TE
Model 2
CH/OM
Model 3
ACU
Model 4
Massage
Model 5
TENS
Model 6
Oth PT
Model 7
Oth PsychE
 Physical Therapist FTE 0.0597 (.0186)** 0.0021 (.0051) 0.0104 (.0047)* 0.0121 (.0035)*** 0.0057 (.0026)* 0.0109 (.0048)* −0.0011 (.0064)
 Chiropractor FTE 0.0911 (.0294)** 0.1013 (.0155)*** 0.0308 (.0210) 0.0029 (.0079) 0.0231 (.0092)** 0.0327 (.0097)** −0.0160 (.0116)
 Behavioral Health Provider FTE 0.0051 (.0033) −0.0007 (.0011) 0.0035 (.0015)* −0.0013 (.0007) −0.0018 (.0005)*** − 0.0031 (.0009)*** −0.0048 (.0013)***
  1. Abbreviations: ACU Acupuncture, CH/OM Chiropractic and Osteopathic Manipulation, Oth PsychE Psychoeducation (see Additional file 1 for detailed list), OthPTs Other Physical Therapy (see Additional file 1 for detailed list), TE Therapeutic Exercise, TENS Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
  2. *p ≤ 0.05; ** p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001
  3. aEach regression model also included facility type (clinic vs hospital), facility branch (Army vs other) and 6 regions and patients were clustered by MTF
  4. bAnnual measure computed as FTE per 100,000 patients at the MTF
  5. cFor facilities with no utilization the number of visits per user was imputed as zero