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Table 3 Studies' population characteristics

From: Hygiene management for long-term ventilated persons in the home health care setting: a scoping review

Author Sample size Age Sex Diseases, comorbid conditions and devices
Cahill et al., 1997 [31] 444 SNF
(Number of patients not specified)
Not specified Not specified Not specified
Toussaint et al., 2006 [24] HVC of 39 patients Not specified Not specified Respiratory, neurologic (functional tetraplegia with chronic alveolar hypoventilation)
Banfi et al., 2007 [29] 8 patients 61 63% male ARF; comorbid conditions: respiratory (idiopathic severe kyphoscoliosis)
Chenoweth et al., 2007 [30] 57 patients With VAP: 19
Without VAP: 14
With VAP: 48% male
Without VAP: 43% male
VAP; comorbid conditions: respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, diabetes mellitus, renal
Neumann et al., 2016 [25] 486 patients
(normal nursing service n = 466; intensive care service n = 20)
Normal nursing service 37% (intensive care service 0%) > 85 Normal nursing service (intensive care service): 33% (50%) male Respiratory, gastrointestinal, skin barrier violations, renal, orthopaedic, cognitive impairment
Prasad et al., 2016 [26] 301 patients 75 63% female Respiratory, cardiovascular, diabetes mellitus, cognitive impairment
Horvath et al., 2018 [28] 85 patients living in 18 intensive care SLC Not specified Not specified Not specified
Schwerdtner et al., 2020 [27] 24 patients 13% < 18 Not specified Respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal, skin barrier violations
In total 75 devices for 24 patients
  1. ARFacute respiratory failure, HVC  home ventilation circuits, SNFskilled nursing facility, VAPventilator associated pneumonia