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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies

From: Hygiene management for long-term ventilated persons in the home health care setting: a scoping review

Authors, publication year Country Studies’ Settings Home Care Setting Objectives Study design Data collection/ analysis
Cahill et al., 1997 [31] USA SNF (hospital-based distinct-part and free-standing) SNF (1) Characteristics of infection prevention and control program, (2) policies for admitting and placing of MRSA- or VRE-colonized patients, (3) educational needs for infection prevention and control programs in skilled nursing facilities Descriptive Study Quantitative survey among ICPs
Toussaint et al., 2006 [24] Belgium Centre for Home Mechanical Ventilation, Brusseles Patients’ home (1) HVC cleanliness and sterility of HVC, (2) efficiency of tubing cleaning and decontamination protocols recommended to patients Non-randomised controlled trial 39 used and 7 new EVAs (as control) were examined in 2 different experiments (visual and microbiological analysis)
Banfi et al., 2007 [29] France At patients’ home Patients’ home Effectiveness and safety of home care treatment of ARF Non-randomised controlled trial Daily duration of ventilation and antibiotics (supervision of GP, nurse, and chest specialist)
Chenoweth et al., 2007 [30] USA University-affiliated Home Care Services department, Michigan Patients’ home Characterise VAP in HMV patients: (1) rate and incidence, (2) demographic characteristics, (3) risk factors, (4) outcomes Descriptive study Data extraction from medical records (demographic and clinical variables)
Neumann et al., 2016 [25] Germany Nursing services (intensive care and normal care), Rhine-Main area Not specified (1) Prevalence of MDRO and risk factors for MDRO, (2) MDRO and MRSA-colonisation in intensive care services vs. other nursing services Descriptive study (1) Anamnestic survey in nursing homes, (2) microbiological analysis of throat, nasal and anal swabs
Prasad et al., 2016 [26] USA Long-term care facility in New York City Long-term care facility Prevalence of asymptomatic rectal colonisation with CRE or CDI in long-term care patients Descriptive study (1) Microbiological analysis of rectal swabs, (2) retrospective chart review for patient demographics and risk factors
Horvath et al., 2018 [28] Germany 18 intensive care SLC in Munich SLC (1) type of care provided in outpatient intensive care SLC in Munich, (2) grade of implementation of hygiene and emergency management Descriptive study (1) Structure analysis, (2) inspection of SLC, (3) review report
Schwerdtner et al., 2020 [27] Germany 3 intensive care SLC in Jena SLC (1) prevalence of MDRO in SLC, (2) evaluation of hygiene management in SLC Descriptive study (1) Occasional inspection on hygiene management, (2) microbiological analysis of devices and throat/ nasal and anal swabs, (3) structural analysis, anamnestic data on MDRO-colonisation
  1. ARF, acute respiratory failure,CRE carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae,CDI clostridium difficile,EVA expiratory valve,GP general practitioner,HVC home ventilation circuit,ICP infection control practitioner,VAP ventilator associated pneumonia, MDRO multidrug-resistant organisms,SLC shared living community,SNF skilled nursing facility, VRE vancomycin-resistant enterococci