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Table 3 Threefold model of interprofessional team dynamics

From: Diversity, friction, and harmonisation: an ethnographic study of interprofessional teamwork dynamics

  Function Risk Dynamic
Diversity - Expanding access to knowledge and different perspectives
- Distributing tasks and responsibility
- Parallel rather than intersecting perspectives - Promotes friction and calls for harmonisation.
Friction - Advancing innovation and broader, deeper discussions
- Generating new insights
- Conflict - Counteracts risks for parallel perspectives, the risk for groupthink and over-harmonisation.
Harmonisation - Supporting a balance of professional distinctiveness
- Tying team members together.
- Groupthink - Reduces risks of conflict
- Creates a ‘psychological space for friction’ where opposing perspectives are encouraged and accepted.