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Table 4 Self-reported health care utilization during the follow-up period and pre-post-comparison (three months prior to / after ED index visit)

From: Emergency department consultations for respiratory symptoms revisited: exploratory investigation of longitudinal trends in patients’ perspective on care, health care utilization, and general and mental health, from a multicenter study in Berlin, Germany

Provider / institution na % Utilization during follow-up Mean no of visits pre (SD) Mean no of visits post (SD) p for pre-post comparisonb
GP 302 83.8 1.4 (1.3) 2.3 (2.6) < 0.001
Medical specialist 288 51.4 1.3 (2.4) 1.5 (2.5) 0.829
Pulmonologist 301 47.2 0.4 (0.8) 0.8 (1.1) < 0.001
Emergency department 296 28.0 0.3 (0.5) 0.4 (1.0) 0.118
Emergency house call service 293 7.2 0.1 (0.4) 0.2 (1.1) 0.676
  na % Utilization during follow-up Mean total duration pre (SD), all patients Mean total duration post (SD), all patients p for pre-post comparisonb
Hospital inpatient stay 302 34.4 2.5 (6.6) 3.7 (7.6) 0.006
  na % Utilization during follow-up Mean total duration pre (SD), patients with inpatient stayc Mean total duration post (SD), patients with inpatient stayc p for pre-post comparisonb
Hospital inpatient stay 104 100.0 5.2 (9.5) 10.9 (9.5) < 0.001
  1. HCU standardized to a three month period pre/post index visit. Mean duration of hospital stay in days, mean total duration refers to all stays reported by patient, excluding an eventual inpatient stay directly ensuing the index ED visit
  2. an = number of cases with baseline and follow-up HCU data available
  3. bWilcoxon signed-rank test
  4. cPatients who had an inpatient stay between baseline and follow-up, excluding stays directly ensuing index visit