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Table 1 Health insurance status and individual characteristics

From: Health insurance coverage and access to care in China

Insurance Status:
Personal Characteristics:
Total High-coverage Insurance Moderate-coverage Insurance Low-coverage Insurance No insurance Chi-square p-value
Age       4.736, 0.192
 < 64 11,530 1721 (14.9%) 1929 (16.7%) 7520 (65.2%) 360 (3.1%)  
 ≥ 65 7216 1160 (16.1%) 1206 (16.7%) 4623 (64.1%) 227 (3.1%)  
Gender       1.359, 0.715
 Male 8976 1372 (15.3%) 1527 (17.0%) 5791 (64.5%) 286 (3.2%)  
 Female 10,083 1550 (15.4%) 1656 (16.4%) 6564 (65.1%) 313 (3.1%)  
Residence       2159.896, < 0.001
 Urban 3367 1298 (38.6%) 652 (19.4%) 1344 (39.9%) 73 (2.2%)  
 Suburban 1354 302 (22.3%) 308 (22.7%) 704 (52.0%) 40 (3.0%)  
 Rural 14,040 1256 (8.9%) 2157 (15.4%) 10,149 (72.3%) 478 (3.4%)  
Employment       39.017, < 0.001
 Non-agricultural 954 122 (12.8%) 206 (21.6%) 581 (60.9%) 45 (4.7%)  
 Agricultural 1236 183 (14.8%) 170 (13.8%) 858 (69.4%) 25 (2.0%)  
 Unemployed 16,869      
Education       778.798, < 0.001
 Illiterate 4357 426 (9.8%) 671 (15.4%) 3115 (71.5%) 145 (3.3%)  
 Primary school 8169 986 (12.1%) 1383 (16.9%) 5500 (67.3%) 300 (3.7%)  
 Middle school 4160 786 (18.9%) 714 (17.2%) 2552 (61.3%) 108 (2.6%)  
 High school/Vocational school 1973 540 (27.4%) 353 (17.9%) 1039 (52.7%) 41 (2.1%)  
 College 400 184 (46.0%) 62 (15.5%) 149 (37.2%) 5 (1.2%)  
Health status       51.223, < 0.001
 Good 4406 788 (17.9%) 805 (18.3%) 2692 (61.1%) 121 (2.7%)  
 Not good 13,217 1888 (14.3%) 2158 (16.3%) 8742 (66.1%) 429 (3.2%)