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Table 1 Background characteristics of respondents by their residency: private- versus public-sector loaded specialism

From: What motivates physicians to propose private services in a mixed private-public healthcare system? A mixed methods study

  Private loaded specialism Public loaded specialism P-value U/χ2
n = 146 n = 51
Age [years] (Mean ± S.D) 57.95 ± 9.3 57.64 ± 8.86 0.813 3283
Gender
 Males n (%) 132 (90.4) 33 (64.7) < 0.001 18.357
 Females n (%) 14 (9.6) 18 (35.3)   
Residency and fellowship details
 Years since end of residency (Mean ± S.D.) 21.63 ± 10.18 22.0 ± 10.56 0.927 3191
 Duration of residency and fellowship (years) (Mean ± S.D.) 7.03 ± 1.71 7.07 ± 1.30 0.878 2925
Working district
 North n (%) 85 (59) 25 (51.1) 0.428 1.699
 Center n (%) 44 (30.6) 15 (31.9)   
 South n (%) 15 (10.4) 8 (17)   
Working frameworks
 Working in public hospital n (%) 110 (75.3) 47 (92.2) 0.010 6.604
 Working in private hospital n (%) 45 (30.8) 5 (9.8) 0.003 8.816
 Employee in health fund n (%) 31 (21.2) 6 (11.8) 0.136 2.221
 Semi-private clinic n (%) 45 (30.8) 8 (15.7) 0.036 4.403
 Private clinic n (%) 41 (28.1) 4 (7.8) 0.003 8.784
 Number of frameworks (Median) 3 1 < 0.001 1993
 Engaging in dual practice n (%) 114 (78.1) 21 (41.2) < 0.001 23.87
 Estimated number of patients [per week] (Mean ± S.D) 72.61 ± 23.15 48.0 ± 23.0 < 0.001 2000