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Table 2 Description of the selected variables in the five waves (percentage)

From: The impact of current smoking, regular drinking, and physical inactivity on health care-seeking behavior in China

  2010
N = 8358
2012
N = 9061
2014
N = 8774
2016
N = 9021
2018
N = 9148
Health care-seeking behavior 68.8 65.4 72.3 74.9 76.1
Current smoking 28.8 27.4 26.2 24.9 25.7
Former smoking 7.3 5.0 5.2 5.2 8.2
Never smoking 63.9 67.5 68.6 69.8 66.2
Regular drinking 12.9 13.2 13.1 11.7 12.5
Physical inactivity 72.0 56.9 63.2 58.8 52.8
Age group
 16–24 6.8 7.4 6.4 7.3 6.4
 25–64 76.0 74.5 73.7 70.9 69.9
  > =65 17.2 18.2 20.0 21.8 23.7
 Male 42.7 43.4 42.3 42.0 42.8
Educational attainment
 Illiteracy 36.1 35.4 35.4 34.5 30.4
 Elementary school 21.5 21.6 22.2 21.5 21.6
 Middle school 25.0 23.8 24.4 24.4 26.1
 High school 11.8 12.4 11.7 11.7 12.5
 Above three-year college 5.7 6.8 6.3 8.0 9.5
 Married 82.5 82.5 82.3 80.4 79.9
 Urban residency 44.8 45.4 47.1 47.5 47.7
Medical insurance
 GMI 4.7 3.7 2.9 1.9 2.4
 UEMI 9.5 12.2 12.6 12.4 13.1
 URMI 7.0 7.6 8.2 8.0 7.9
 NRCMI 58.1 64.6 67.5 68.2 67.7
 Other Insurance 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3
 No Insurance 20.2 11.7 8.2 9.1 8.6
 Household income a 3.3 (5.3) 4.2 (5.0) 4.6 (6.1) 5.4 (12.5) 5.6 (8.5)
 Economically active 45.4 67.5 71.5 75.3 73.2
Health status
 Poor 38.9 41.0 36.1 36.2 36.4
 Fair 42.0 23.0 19.5 22.6 16.7
 Good 19.1 36.0 44.4 41.3 46.9
 Chronic conditions 29.0 22.1 34.6 34.0 32.7
Severity of physical discomfort
 Mild 22.2 24.1 20.8 20.9 17.3
 Moderate 40.1 39.7 47.2 42.3 44.4
 Serious 37.7 36.2 32.0 36.8 38.4
  1. RMB: 1000 Chinese Renminbi is approximately 150 US$
  2. aValues are expressed as the mean (standard deviation)