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Table 1 Distribution of patient characteristics by trajectory group

From: Exploring social inequalities in healthcare trajectories following diagnosis of diabetes: a state sequence analysis of linked survey and administrative data

Characteristic Total sample
(N = 4308)
Regular GP
(n = 1854; 43%)
Specialist predominant
(n = 1746; 41%)
Few services
(n = 708; 16%)
Age Mean (SD) 61.6 (12.5) 62.1 (11.9) 62.5 (12.7) 58.1 (12.9)
Age groups 20–40 240 (6%) 75 (4%) 105 (6%) 60 (8%)
41–60 16,778 (39%) 743 (40%) 591 (34%) 344 (49%)
61–70 1325 (31%) 558 (30%) 574 (33%) 193 (27%)
71–80 811 (19%) 372 (20%) 365 (21%) 74 (10%)
80+ 254 (6%) 106 (6%) 111 (6%) 37 (5%)
Combined Comorbidity Index in the year before diagnosis Mean (SD) 0.87 (2.2) 0.6 (1.9) 1.23 (2.5) 0.60 (2.1)
Education Some high school education 1627 (38%) 779 (42%) 625 (36%) 223 (31%)
High school diploma 588 (14%) 249 (13%) 244 (14%) 95 (13%)
College/CEGEP 1572 (36%) 644 (35%) 636 (36%) 292 (41%)
University degree 481 (11%) 163 (9%) 227 (13%) 91 (13%)
Missing 40 (1%) 19 (1%) 14 (1%) 7 (1%)
Sex Female 2112 (49%) 921 (50%) 903 (52%) 288 (41%)
Male 2186 (51%) 923 (50%) 843 (48%) 420 (59%)
Immigrant yes 328 (8%) 104 (6%) 174 (10%) 50 (7%)
no 3977 (92%) 1748 (94%) 1571 (90%) 658 (93%)
missing   2 (0%) 1 (0%) 0 (0%)
Years since immigration Mean (SD) 34.1 (17.7) 35.6 (16.6) 34.0 (18.3) 30.2 (18.7)
Service use during trajectory Mean (SD) Regular GP 8.9 (7.5) 11.9 (8.8) 7.7 (5.6) 3.7 (2.8)
Specialist visits 11.5 (14.9) 7.0 (6.7) 19.1 (19.8) 4.4 (4.3)
Hospital days 20.6 (34.8) 18.9 (34.0) 23.5 (38.8) 17.8 (24.0)
Emergency visits 4.2 (5.2) 3.6 (3.7) 5.2 (6.8) 3.4 (3.4)
New GP visits 4.2(4.7) 3.5 (3.5) 5.2 (5.9) 3.4 (3.3)
Place of diagnosis office 3259 (76%) 1528 (82%) 1185 (68%) 546 (77%)
hospital 1049 (24%) 326 (18%) 561 (32%) 162 (23%)
Residential Area (at start of trajectory) CMA of Montreala 1269 (29%) 460 (25%) 614 (35%) 195 (28%)
Non-Montreal CMA 868 (20%) 404 (22%) 339 (19%) 125 (18%)
Census agglomeration (CA) 731 (17%) 335 (18%) 265 (15%) 131 (19%)
Rural area 1420 (33%) 647 (35%) 526 (30%) 247 (35%)
missing 20 (0%) 8 (0%) 2 (0%) 10 (1%)
  1. aCMA Census Metropolitan Area