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Table 2 Cancer survivors’ self-reported health and use of health care services

From: Conventional health care service utilization among cancer survivors that visit traditional and complementary providers in the Tromsø study: a cross-sectional study

  Total population Visits to T&CM providers No visits to T&CM providers P-value
(N = 1553) % (n = 155) % (n = 1398) %
Cancer
 Cancer now 375 24.1 52 33.5 323 23.1 .0041
 Cancer previously 1178 75.9 103 66.5 1075 76.9  
Self-reported health (scale 0-100)
 Mean (SD) 71.28 (17.541) 69.67 (17.11) 71.46 (17.59) .2362
Self-reported health (n, %)        .5883
 Good 889 88.4 77 86.5 812 88.5  
 Neither 107 10.6 11 12.4 96 10.5  
 Bad 10 1 1 1.1 9 1  
Level of pain/discomfort (n, %)        .0851
 None/slight 438 33.5 31 24.8 407 34.4  
 Moderate 796 60.9 85 68 711 60.2  
 Severe 73 5.6 9 7.2 64 5.4  
Feeling anxiety/depression (n, %)        .0143
 None/slight 1148 78.5 102 69.4 1046 79.5  
 Moderate 301 20.6 43 29.3 258 19.6  
 Severe 14 1 2 1.4 12 0.9  
Visits to T&CM providers
 Acupuncturist (n, %) 69 4.5 69 46.6   
  Mean number of visits to acupuncturist (SD) 7.24 (10.258)    
 Traditional healer (n, %) 59 3.8 59 40.1   
  Mean number of visits to traditional healer (SD) 1,54 (1.206)    
 Other CM providers (n,%) 62 4.0 62 41.1   
  Mean number of visits to other CM providers (SD) 4.96 (6.120)    
Visiting T&CM providers (n,%) 155 10.0 155 100.0    
Mean overall visits to T&CM providers (SD) 5.64 (8.982)      
Use of conventional health care services last year
 Seen a GP 1396 90.2 144 93.5 1252 89.6 .1501
  Mean number of visits to GPs (SD) 4.07 (3.758) 5.21 (4.52) 3.94 (3.64) .0022
 Been to ER 269 17.7 42 29.2 227 16.5 <.0011
  Mean number of visits to ERs (SD) 1.48 (1.102) 1.73 (1.633) 1.44 (0.966) .2872
 Seen a psychologist/psychiatrist 60 4 13 8.9 47 3.4 .0011
  Mean number of visits to psychologist/psychiatrist (SD) 6.37 (7.544) 4.85 (7.255) 6.82 (7.650) .4132
 Seen a specialist other than GP 390 26 43 30.1 347 25.6 .2411
  Mean number of visits to specialist other than GP (SD) 2.13 (5.407) 1.90 (1.518) 2.16 (5.699) .7722
 Seen a physiotherapist 406 26.4 59 40.1 347 25.0 <.0011
  Mean number of visits to physiotherapist (SD) 11.79 (12.894) 12.40 (16.102) 11.7 (12.363) .7282
 Seen a chiropractor 109 7.1 25 17.0 84 6.0 <.0011
  Mean number of visits to chiropractors (SD) 5.79 (8.334) 4.79 (5.051) 6.03 (8.954) .5642
 Hospital admissions 376 24.4 48 31.4 328 23.6 .0351
  Mean number of admissions to hospitals (SD) 2.35 (3.756) 2.33 (2.077) 2.35 (3.947) .9612
 Out-patient psychiatric clinic 42 3.1 5 3.8 37 3.0 .599 3
  Mean number of visits to out-patient psychiatric clinic (SD) 6 (13.463) 4.75 (3.862) 6.19 (14.428) .8462
 Out-Patient General Clinic 817 54 89 61 728 53.3 .0771
  Mean number of visits to out-patient general Clinic (SD) 3.47 (5.917) 3.74 (5.136) 3.43 (6.012) .6432
Overall use of conventional health care services 1472 94.8 152 98.1 1320 94.5 .0561
Mean number of visits to conventional providers (SD) 8.63 (11.052) 11.45 (13.477) 8.31 (10.698) .00382
Overall use of traditional, complementary and conventional health care services 1475 95 155 100 1320 94.5 .0031
Mean number of visits to traditional, complementary and conventional health care services (SD) 9.15 (11.848) 16.04 (17.347) 8.31(10.698) < 0.0012
  1. 1Pearson Chi square test
  2. 2Independent sample t-test
  3. 3Fisher’s Exact Test