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Table 3 Associations between clusters and sociodemographic, health- and health-insurance related factors, in % within clusters

From: Profiles and predictors of healthcare utilization: using a cluster-analytic approach to identify typical users across conventional, allied and complementary medicine, and self-care

   Average Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Cluster 5 Cluster 6 Cluster 7 Cluster 8 Cluster 9
Sociodemographics   n = 205.2 n = 31.3
15.3%
n = 35.1
17.1%
n = 15.4
7.5%
n = 26.7
13.0%
n = 20.2
9.8%
n = 25.4
12.4%
n = 15.0
7.3%
n = 18.1
8.8%
n = 18.1
8.8%
Age, in years 18–29 21.6 7.9 20.3 30.0 14.6 35.0 24.0 35.9 29.8 18.0
30–39 16.7 9.6 18.8 22.6 11.7 21.8 17.5 19.7 22.0 16.3
40–49 17.9 13.4 19.9 19.6 14.8 18.9 19.9 19.1 18.6 18.4
50–64 25.8 35.1 26.3 19.8 29.7 18.6 24.4 17.9 22.2 25.1
> 65 18.0 34.0 14.7 8.0 29.3 5.8 14.1 7.4 7.4 22.1
Gender Male 49.3 42.5 43.3 56.1 38.8 64.5 54.4 58.8 47.5 54.4
Female 50.7 57.5 56.7 43.9 61.2 35.5 45.6 41.2 52.5 45.6
Ethnicity Non-Hispanic White 66.9 81.1 68.4 57.3 73.6 47.1 63.9 60.2 69.0 61.3
Hispanic 15.3 7.3 13..8 23.2 9.9 30.2 15.5 18.9 14.2 17.9
Black 11.8 8.1 11.7 11.9 10.3 15.3 14.1 13.4 9.8 15.5
Asian 5.3 3.1 5.3 6.5 5.6 6.4 5.6 6.6 6.5 4.2
Other 0.8 0.4 0.7 1.1 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.1
Region West 22.5 21.1 25.0 28.3 22.4 23.2 18.5 21.4 27.5 17.6
Northeast 18.2 20.3 17.7 11.6 20.0 12.8 21.7 22.5 16.4 17.4
Midwest 22.5 24.6 22.0 19.1 24.1 20.0 23.6 21.5 23.0 21.5
South 36.7 34.1 35.3 41.0 33.5 44.1 36.3 34.6 33.2 43.4
Education Less than high school 14.0 8.0 12.5 17.0 8.7 28.2 12.3 14.1 8.6 28.6
High school 47.2 43.0 46.8 52.8 43.9 53.2 50.3 48.3 42.4 50.3
College or more 38.8 48.9 40.7 30.2 47.4 18.6 37.5 37.6 49.1 21.1
Employment not employed 33.8 45.5 30.8 26.3 37.4 30.1 32.4 24.3 20.5 45.4
employed 66.2 54.5 69.2 73.7 62.6 69.9 67.6 75.7 79.5 54.6
Income <  20.000 30.7 24.2 28.6 36.3 26.1 49.3 25.0 31.4 28.4 39.6
20.000–34.999 21.5 18.4 21.1 28.6 17.8 25.5 21.1 19.3 21.1 27.8
35.000–64.999 28.0 30.3 29.0 24.5 29.8 19.3 30.0 29.7 30.1 23.0
>  65.000 19.8 27.0 21.3 10.6 26.3 5.9 23.9 19.6 20.3 9.6
Marital status in relationship 39.6 33.3 37.7 45.0 37.6 48.6 39.3 44.9 37.9 43.1
not in relationship 60.4 66.7 62.3 55.0 62.4 51.4 60.7 55.1 62.1 56.9
BMI 18.5 to 25 33.4 29.7 33.6 37.9 33.6 34.2 32.8 37.0 40.7 25.5
up to 18.5 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.7 2.1 2.5
25–30 33.9 34.4 33.7 33.5 35.2 32.8 32.6 34.8 34.6 34.1
30 and more 31.0 34.7 30.9 27.2 29.8 31.3 33.0 26.5 22.6 37.9
Health status very good/excellent 60.1 45.4 62.9 62.4 65.1 59.5 65.5 72.2 77.5 41.0
good 26.8 30.9 26.5 28.0 26.2 28.7 25.0 21.4 18.8 32.2
fair to poor 13.0 23.7 10.5 9.6 8.7 11.8 9.5 6.4 3.7 26.8
Chronic Conditions no chronic condition 56.1 27.8 57.9 74.1 47.1 78.9 58.4 78.0 77.5 44.3
one chronic condition 23.4 27.5 25.7 17.7 27.3 14.8 25.6 17.2 16.7 25.2
two chronic conditions 11.6 21.0 10.3 6.1 15.6 4.1 10.5 3.6 4.5 15.5
≥ three chronic conditions 8.8 23.7 6.0 2.1 10.0 2.2 5.5 1.3 1.3 15.0
Smoking Non-smoking 81.9 88.3 82.8 76.1 87.9 68.3 84.6 81.8 85.7 70.5
Smoking 18.1 11.7 17.2 23.9 12.1 31.7 15.4 18.2 14.3 29.5
Alcohol Abstainers 35.9 35.8 32.8 33.4 33.1 42.0 38.4 36.5 28.9 47.8
Light 43.7 45.2 46.5 44.6 46.5 37.3 42.4 42.9 47.5 36.4
Moderate to heavy 20.3 18.9 20.8 22.0 20.4 20.8 19.3 20.6 23.6 15.8
Exercise Sedentary 80.4 83.0 78.9 75.9 79.1 84.2 81.6 77.2 73.9 87.6
Moderate level 14.5 13.4 15.8 17.4 15.5 10.4 13.2 16.3 20.4 8.4
High level 5.1 3.7 5.3 6.7 5.3 5.4 5.1 6.5 5.7 4.0
Health insurance no insurance 17.3 3.4 13.1 43.1 5.7 53.4 8.5 19.6 17.6 21.4
public 19.3 26.2 18.3 12.9 19.7 14.0 19.2 14.0 9.5 33.9
private 63.4 70.3 68.5 44.0 74.5 32.7 72.4 66.4 72.9 44.7
Could not afford Prescription medication 8.2 9.6 8.5 13.2 5.2 10.9 4.6 4.0 4.5 14.3
Mental Care 2.4 3.2 2.3 4.3 1.1 2.9 1.2 1.9 1.7 3.4
Dental Care 13.1 12.6 14.7 23.3 8.5 20.1 6.6 7.9 8.7 19.2
Eyeglass 7.8 8.2 9.1 13.5 4.7 11.0 4.1 3.8 5.0 12.1
Specialist 4.9 6.1 5.0 9.2 2.4 6.5 2.2 2.6 3.1 7.3