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Table 2 Prevalence of health care use within each cluster; presented in % used within cluster categories. Only those with a probability of ≥95% of belonging to each cluster have been selected. Numbers are presented in millions

From: Profiles and predictors of healthcare utilization: using a cluster-analytic approach to identify typical users across conventional, allied and complementary medicine, and self-care

  Average Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Cluster 5 Cluster 6 Cluster 7 Cluster 8 Cluster 9
  n = 205.2 n = 31.3
15.3%
n = 35.1
17.1%
n = 15.4
7.5%
n = 26.7
13.0%
n = 20.2
9.8%
n = 25.4
12.4%
n = 15.0
7.3%
n = 18.1
8.8%
n = 18.1
8.8%
Conventional health care provider
 GP 66.9 95.3 24.1 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
 Specialist 26.1 99.9 3.4 6.4 0.0 3.9 18.0 7.6 6.8 22.8
 Eye specialist 37.8 77.5 0.0 18.3 100.0 10.0 38.4 18.9 27.3 27.2
 Mental health provider 7.5 15.9 7.7 3.6 7.4 2.6 5.9 4.1 4.1 8.2
 Dentist 61.3 73.5 63.8 0.0 75.1 0.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 0.0
 Emergency room 19.4 36.2 17.9 12.3 14.5 11.6 16.9 10.1 9.0 29.1
Allied health care provider
 Physical therapy 8.6 30.6 5.5 2.1 6.9 1.3 4.5 2.0 2.4 6.4
 Nurse practitioners 18.9 48.2 18.6 8.4 20.2 4.2 12.5 6.2 11.6 16.1
CAM provider
 Chiropractic 8.1 15.1 8.6 4.9 10.6 2.6 5.1 4.4 9.1 4.7
 Massage 6.4 12.6 7.7 4.0 8.3 1.2 3.2 2.4 8.5 2.0
 Osteopathy, Craniosacral 0.5 1.3 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.7 3.3
 Acupuncture 1.5 3.3 1.6 0.7 1.9 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.7 0.3
 Naturopathy 1.1 3.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.7 0.2
 Homeopathy 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.1
 Ayurveda 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0
 Native healing 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1
 Energy healing 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.1
 Hypnosis 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0
Exercise
 Yoga 8.2 11.4 10.0 8.8 11.5 2.2 4.3 4.3 14.0 2.5
 Tai Chi, Qigong 1.2 2.3 1.1 1.6 2.0 0.3 0.4 0.2 1.4 0.4
 Exercise 2.2 3.8 2.4 1.7 4.1 0.3 1.0 1.0 3.2 0.3
Relaxation
 Meditation 3.7 8.2 4.3 4.0 3.9 1.1 1.2 1.2 4.3 1.2
 Relaxation 2.4 6.4 2.5 2.6 2.3 0.8 0.5 0.3 2.6 0.7
Diet
 Vegetarian diet 1.7 2.6 1.7 2.0 2.5 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.9 0.7
 Medical diet 1.1 2.3 1.3 1.0 1.5 0.1 0.5 0.2 1.4 0.3
OTC medication, supplements
 Herbal medicine 7.6 13.6 9.5 12.0 10.2 1.1 1.4 1.2 11.9 28.9
 Supplements 15.0 28.9 18.6 18.8 22.2 1.6 2.7 2.7 20.2 2.9
 Vitamins minerals 61.7 94.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0