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Table 1 Comparison of control and Advanced Care Coordination groups post-matching

From: Optimizing care coordination to address social determinants of health needs for dual-use veterans

Patient Factors Control (N = 475) ACC (N = 161) p-value
Age (Mean (SD))   63.90 (15.91) 63.47 (15.97) 0.77
Sex = Female(%)   49 (10.3) 16 (9.9) 1.00
Race (%) 0.99
  White 389 (81.9) 132 (82.0)  
  Black 57 (12.0) 19 (11.8)  
  Other 11 (2.3) 4 (2.5)  
  Unknown 18 (3.8) 6 (3.7)  
Urban Rural Highly Rural (%) 1.00
  Urban 379 (79.8) 129 (80.1)  
  Rural 96 (20.2) 32 (19.9)  
  Highly Rural 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Site (%) 1.00
  Denver 201 (42.3) 67 (41.6)  
  Omaha 274 (57.7) 94 (58.4)  
Elixhauser Comorbidity Index
Hypertension = 1(%)   291 (61.3) 100 (62.1) 0.92
Congestive Heart Failure = 1(%)   53 (11.2) 18 (11.2) 1.00
Chronic Pulmonary Disease = 1(%)   145 (30.5) 48 (29.8) 0.94
Diabetes without Chronic Complications = 1(%)   127 (26.7) 42 (26.1) 0.95
Diabetes with Chronic Complications = 1 (%)   114 (24.0) 36 (22.4) 0.75
Renal Failure = 1 (%)   71 (14.9) 25 (15.5) 0.96
Obesity = 1(%)   86 (18.1) 27 (16.8) 0.79
Weight Loss = 1(%)   27 (5.7) 11 (6.8) 0.74
Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders = 1(%)   105 (22.1) 41 (25.5) 0.44
AIDS/HIV = 1(%)   0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1.00
Alcohol Abuse = 1 (%)   62 (13.1) 24 (14.9) 0.65
Anemia Deficiency = 1(%)   91 (19.2) 33 (20.5) 0.80
Rheumatoid Arthritis = 1(%)   13 (2.7) 4 (2.5) 1.00
Blood Loss Anemia = 1 (%)   8 (1.7) 2 (1.2) 0.98
Coagulopathy = 1 (%)   31 (6.5) 10 (6.2) 1.00
Depression = 1(%)   120 (25.3) 28 (23.6) 0.75
Drug Abuse = 1(%)   37 (7.8) 13 (8.1) 1.00
Hypothyroidism = 1(%)   52 (10.9) 19 (11.8) Hypothyroidism = 1(%)
Liver Disease = 1(%)   69 (14.5) 27 (16.8) 0.58
Lymphoma = 1(%)   5 (1.1) 4 (2.5) 0.35
Metastatic Cancer = 1(%)   11 (2.3) 3 (1.9) 0.98
Other Neurological Disorders = 1(%)   135 (28.4) 48 (29.8) 0.81
Paralysis = 1(%)   28 (5.9) 12 (7.5) 0.61
Peripheral Vascular Disease = 1(%)   74 (15.6) 26 (16.1) 0.96
Psychiatric Disorders = 1(%)   36 (7.6) 15 (9.3) 0.59
Pulmonary Circulation Disorder = 1(%)   6 (1.3) 2 (1.2) 1.00
Solid Tumor without Metastasis = 1 (%)   24 (5.1) 12 (7.5) 0.35
Peptic Ulcer Disease = 1(%)   2 (0.4) 1 (0.6) 1.00
Valvular Disease = 1(%)   42 (8.8) 17 (10.6) 0.62
Outcomes Prior Intervention
1 year Prior PCP visit (mean (SD))   2.65 (2.43) 2.80 (2.30) 0.50
1 year Prior Hospitalization (mean (SD))   0.36 (0.73) 0.37 (0.70) 0.87
1 year Prior ED visit (mean (SD))   1.54 (2.65) 1.63 (2.21) 0.70
Outcomes Post Intervention
30-day Mortality = 1 (%)   5 (1.1) 2 (1.2) 1.00
60-day Mortality = 1 (%)   10 (2.1) 3 (1.9) 1.00
90-day Mortality = 1 (%)   17 (3.6) 5 (3.1) 0.97
30-day ED Visit = 1 (%)   127 (26.7) 29 (18.0) 0.03
60-day ED Visit = 1 (%)   153 (32.2) 45 (28.0) 0.36
90-day ED Visit = 1 (%)   176 (37.1) 54 (33.5) 0.48
30-day Readmission = 1 (%)   21 (4.4) 4 (2.5) 0.39
60-day Hospital Readmission = 1 (%)   36 (7.6) 10 (6.2) 0.69
90-day Hospital Readmission = 1 (%)   44 (9.3) 15 (9.3) 1.00
14-day PCP visit = 1 (%)   140 (29.5) 53 (32.9) 0.47
30-day PCP Visit = 1 (%)   199 (41.9) 80 (49.7) 0.10
  1. ACC Advanced Care Coordination, SD Standard Deviation, ED Emergency Department, PCP Primary Care Physician