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Table 1 Descriptive statistics by mode of delivery

From: Economic consequences of caesarean section delivery: evidence from a household survey in Tanzania

Variable All
(1)
Normal delivery
(2)
C-section delivery
(3)
Difference
(3)–(2)
Panel A: Outcomes N = 2874 N = 2874 N = 2874  
Gave birth in a facility (%) 85.8 (N = 2466) 77.6 (N = 2229) 8.3 (N = 237)  
  Probability of paying for facility birth (%) 20.5 19.1 34.4 0.153***
  Amount paid for facility birth in USD, mean [sd] 3.8 [23.9] 1.9 [7.3] 22.7 [73.1] 20.8***
  Hours of hospitalisation at facility, mean [sd] 29.5 [43.6] 24.6 [34.4] 77.2 [81.1] 52.6***
  Days of hospitalisation at facility, mean [sd] 1.2 [1.8] 1.0 [1.4] 3.2 [3.4] 2.2***
Gave birth in a public facility (%) (N = 2874) 77.3 (N = 2221) 69.8 (N = 2005) 7.5 (N = 216)  
  Probability of paying for public facility birth (%) 14.1 12.5 29.7 0.169***
  Amount paid in public facility in USD, mean [sd] 2.0 [13.5] 0.9 [5.9] 11.9 [38.8] 11.0***
  Hours of hospitalisation in public facility, mean [sd] 29.3 [43.1] 24.8 [34.3] 73.5 [80.05] 48.7***
  Days of hospitalisation, mean [sd] 1.2 [1.8] 1.0 [1.4] 3.1 [3.3] 2.1***
Panel B: Covariates (N = 2412) (N = 2191) (N = 221)  
Age of a woman in years [sd] 26.3 [6.6] 26.3 [6.6] 26.3 [6.9] −0.017
Married woman (%) 0.669 0.669 0.674 0.005
Muslim woman (%) 0.764 0.766 0.738 −0.028
Parity/number of births, mean [sd] 2.6 [1.7] 2.6 [1.7] 2.2 [1.6] −0.4***
Educated with at least some primary education (%) 0.821 0.816 0.859 0.043
Farmer (%) 0.478 0.494 0.321 −0.173***
Insured woman (%) 0.087 0.084 0.112 0.028
Household size, mean [sd] 4.7 [1.8] 4.8 [1.8] 4.5 [1.9] −0.3*
Wealth quintile 1 (%) (poorest) 0.197 0.204 0.127 −0.077***
Wealth quintile 2 (%) 0.189 0.189 0.190 0.001
Wealth quintile 3 (%) 0.193 0.198 0.131 −0.067**
Wealth quintile 4 (%) 0.204 0.204 0.195 −0.009
Wealth quintile 5 (%) (least poor) 0.218 0.203 0.357 0.154***
Household in rural district (%) 0.809 0.817 0.724 −0.093**
  1. Notes: sd = standard deviation; * p < 0.10, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01