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Table 2 Patient characteristics (mean; 95% confidence intervals)

From: Changes in patient activation following cardiac rehabilitation using the Active+me digital healthcare platform during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cohort evaluation

Characteristic All High Risk Moderate Risk Low Risk P-Value Effect Size
Number of participant (% male) 46 (78.3) 10 (60.0) 13 (76.9) 23 (87.0) 0.224
Age (years) 60.4 (57.1 to 63.6) 64.0 (56.4 to 71.6) 62.4 (55.1 to 69.7) 57.7 (53.3 to 62.0) 0.232 0.066
Median Baseline PAM Scores (Range)✝ 65.5 (51.0 to 100) 61.9 (51.0 to 91.0) 58.1 (51.0 to 85.0) 65.5 (51.0 to 100) 0.180 0.261
Daily Steps 8312.6 (7314.3 to 9571.8) 5482.3 (3666.6 to 7298.1)a 7935.9 (5989.9 to 9882.0) 10,028.0 (8450.0 to 11,611.0)a 0.002* 0.286
Daily Physical Activity Duration (Minutes) 94.7 (81.1 to 109.8) 62.4 (42.1 to 82.7)a 94.1 (69.2 to 119.0) 111.0 (88.6 to 133.4)a 0.020* 0.196
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 125 (120 to 130) 129 (115 to 143) 115 (103 to 127) 128 (122 to 133) 0.059 0.135
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 75 (71 to 79) 73 (62 to 84) 69 (61 to 77) 75 (71 to 79) 0.120 0.103
Resting Heart Rate (bpm) ✝ 62 (44 to 93) 62 (44 to 93) 64 (47 to 83) 62 (44 to 93) 0.358 0.066
Body Mass Index (kg.m−2) 27.9 (26.4 to 29.5) 30.6 (25.9 to 35.4) 25.6 (23.1 to 28.0) 28.0 (26.1 to 29.8) 0.060 0.131
Waist Circumference (cm) 92.8 (82.6 to 102.9) 98.9 (83.1 to 114.7) 99.1 (88.4 to 109.8) 96.3 (84.1104.9) 0.926 0.008
Ethnicity
 White British (%) 27 (80.4) 9 (90.0) 10 (76.9) 18 (78.3) 0.534
 Any other White background (%) 3 (6.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (7.7) 2 (8.7) 0.534
 Black Caribbean (%) 1 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (4.3)
 Indian (%) 1 (2.2) 1(10.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Any other Asian Background (%) 1 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (7.7) 0 (0.0)
 Not reported (%) 3 (6.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (7.7) 2 (8.7)
Primary Reason for Referral
 Myocardial infarction (%) 25 (54.3) 6 (60.0) 4 (30.8) 15 (65.2) 0.016*  
 Elective Percutaneous coronary intervention (%) 10 (21.7) 1 (10.0) 6 (46.2) 3 (13.0)
 Chronic heart failure (%) 3 (6.5) 3 (30.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Coronary artery bypass graft (%) 4 (8.7) 0 (0.0) 2 (15.4) 2 (8.7)
 Atherosclerosis (%) 2 (4.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (8.7)
 Arrhythmia (%) 1 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (7.7) 0 (0.0)
 Valve surgery (%) 1 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (4.3)
  1. PAM Patient Activation Measure
  2. ✝ = Non-Parametric Analysis; * significant difference; a = significant difference between high risk and low risk patients