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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of children of the family-based weight management group (FB-WMG), matched area control group (Area-CG), referred but untreated control group (Ref-CG)

From: Sustainability of weight loss from a family-centered pediatric weight management program integrated in primary care

  Study group P-Value
FB-WMG   
All (1+ session) With 3+ sessions Area-CG Ref-CG FB-WMG* vs. Area-CG FB-WMG* vs. Ref-CG
N 341 172 801 317   
Age (years), N (%)      0.770 0.645
 3-8 73 (21.4) 56 (32.6) 169 (21.1) 80 (25.2)   
 9-12 151 (44.3) 41 (23.8) 360 (44.9) 123 (38.8)   
 13-17 117 (34.3) 75 (43.6) 272 (34.0) 114 (36.0)   
Sex, N (%)      0.939 < 0.001
 Girls 169 (49.6) 98 (57) 395 (49.3) 113 (35.6)   
 Boys 172 (50.4) 74 (43) 406 (50.7) 204 (64.4)   
Race/ethnicity, N (%)      0.029 0.074
 White 65 (19.1) 29 (16.9) 152 (19) 70 (22.1)   
 Black 6 (1.8) 5 (2.9) 30 (3.7) 10 (3.2)   
 Hispanic 234 (68.6) 119 (69.2) 535 (66.8) 206 (65)   
 Asian/Pacific Islander 33 (9.7) 19 (11) 57 (7.1) 21 (6.6)   
 Other/Multiple 3 (0.9) 0 (0) 27 (3.4) 10 (3.2)   
BMI-for-age percentile
 Mean (SD) 98.6 (1.08) 98.7 (1.01) 98.6 (1.13) 98.2 (1.22) 0.752 < 0.001
Absolute distance from median BMI-for-age (kg/m2)#
 Mean (SD) 13.8 (4.90) 13.9 (4.75) 13.7 (4.89) 13.2 (5.07) 0.759 0.090
Relative distance from median BMI-for-age (%)#
 Mean (SD) 77.9 (27.71) 78.4 (26.83) 77.4 (27.68) 74.7 (28.62 0.756 0.104
State-subsidized insurance, N (%)      0.15 0.53
 0 168 (49.3) 80 (46.5) 432 (53.9) 164 (51.7)   
 1 173 (50.7) 92 (53.5) 369 (46.1) 153 (48.3)   
KPSC membership duration (years)
 Mean (SD) 6.3 (4.13) 6.6 (4.07) 5.8 (4.27) 5.4 (4.17) 0.026 0.002
Neighborhood education (% college degree and higher)      0.013 0.028
 0-50% 132 (38.7) 66 (38.4) 366 (45.7) 142 (44.8)   
 51-75% 121 (35.5) 59 (34.3) 290 (36.2) 120 (37.9)   
 76-100% 88 (25.8) 47 (27.3) 145 (18.1) 55 (17.4)   
Neighborhood median household income      0.019 0.089
  < =$45,000 54 (15.8) 23 (13.4) 146 (18.2) 45 (14.2)   
 $45,001-$80,000 154 (45.2) 72 (41.9) 411 (51.3) 170 (53.6)   
  > $80,000 133 (39.0) 77 (44.8) 244 (30.5) 102 (32.2)   
  1. #Adjusted for the mean age of the cohort (11.5 years)
  2. *Comparison to total FB-WMG (n = 341)