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Table 3 Definitions of the four dimensions of job performance based on Koopmans et al.’s review (2011)

From: Job performance in healthcare: a systematic review

Task performance Has a direct relationship to an organisational technical core and refers to direct or indirect activities that are formally part of a worker’s job
Contextual performance Maintains the broader organisational, social, and psychological environments in which a technical core must function
Adaptive performance The extent to which an individual adapts to changes in work systems or work roles
Counterproductive work behaviour Behaviour that is harmful to the well-being of an organisation