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Table 1 Mixed methods study design

From: Does de-implementation of low-value care impact the patient-clinician relationship? A mixed methods study

 

Demographics

Vignette^

Domains

Qualitative

INTERVIEW

(n = 24)

Age

Gender

Race

Ethnicity

Insurer

Education Level

Annual Income

Region

PCP License

Researchers read one vignette (randomly assigned) to each interview participant.

LVC-antibiotics

(denied)

LVC-EKG

(denied)

1. understanding of the concept of LVC

2. recognition of reasons for not providing LVC

3. the impact to the patient of not providing LVC

4. the impact to the patient-clinician relationship of not providing LVC

5. patients’ recommendations for the reduction or de-implementation of LVC

 

Demographics

Vignette^

PDRQ-937

Quantitative

SURVEY

(n = 232)

Age

Gender

Race

Ethnicity

Insurer

Education Level

Annual Income

Region

PCP License

Survey respondents read one vignette (randomly assigned) at the start of the survey.

LVC-antibiotics

(denied)

LVC-vitamin D

(denied)

LVC-EKG

(denied)

HVC- statin for high CVD risk

(alternate)

(prescribed)

You will read nine statements that a person can make about his/her primary care provider (PCP). Please choose the appropriateness of each statement for your PCP by marking one number per statement.

1 = not at all appropriate

2 = somewhat appropriate

3 = appropriate

4 = mostly appropriate

5 = totally appropriate

1. My PCP helps me.

2. My PCP has enough time for me.

3. I trust my PCP.

4. My PCP understands me.

5. My PCP is dedicated to helping me.

6. My PCP and I agree on the nature of my medical symptoms.

7. I can talk to my PCP.

8. I feel content with my PCP’s care.

9. I find my PCP easily accessible.

Interview and survey data were integrated for analysis and interpretation.

  1. LVC-antibiotics = low-value antibiotics for antibiotics; LVC-EKG = low-value screening EKG; LVC-vitamin D = low-value screening test for vitamin D deficiency
  2. ^Vignettes are included in Supplemental Table A
  3. PCP License = Primary Care Provider License (MD, DO, NP, PA)