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Table 3 Participants’ patronage, knowledge, preference, experience and attitudes towards traditional medicine practice and its integration into formal the health system

From: The practice of integrated healthcare and the experiences of people in Ghana’s Ashanti region

Variables/Questions Yes No
  n % n %
Patronage of TM
 Have you ever used TM? (By TM, I mean the use of plant seeds, berries, roots, leaves, bark, flowers for medicinal purposes) 307 95.0 16 5.0
 Do you seek health advice from TM practitioners? 183 59.6 124 40.4
 Do you ask your physician about TM when you want to use them? 15 5.0 292 95.0
 Do you ask the pharmacist about TM when you want to use them? 12 3.9 295 96.1
Knowledge about TM integration
 Do you have knowledge about the incorporation of TM into health system? 214 66.2 109 33.8
 Is there a license for TM practice in Ghana health system? 205 95.8 9 4.2
 Are there laws to regulate TM in Ghana? 205 95.8 9 4.2
 Are you aware of the introduction of TM directorate in some hospitals in Ghana/Ashanti region? 99 46.3 115 53.7
Attitude towards safety of TM practice
 Should TM container have a warning of possible side effects and interaction with other medications? 323 100.0 0 0.0
 Should TM container have a clear note if the medicine is approved by FDA as a safe medication? 322 99.7 1 0.3
 Should TM container be labelled with the name of active ingredients, required dose and instruction on when to use? 321 99.4 2 0.6
 Should TM container be labelled with the expiry date? 321 99.4 2 0.6
 Should TM container have a license and registration number? 320 99.1 3 0.9
 Does the production and selling of TM products need to be regulated by Ministry of Health? 317 98.1 6 1.9
 Should TM practitioner be certified from the Ministry of Health? 316 97.8 7 2.2
 Should TM practitioner have a degree in this profession? 270 83.6 53 16.4
 Do you think the pharmacist can give useful advice to you if you want to use TM? 209 64.7 114 35.3
Preference for TM integration
 Do you prefer TM integration into the formal health system? 314 97.2 9 2.8
 Do you want your physician to follow up when you are using TM to avoid any side effect? 312 96.6 11 3.4
 Do you want your physician to give you advice about safe use of TM? 260 80.5 63 19.5
 Do you think a physician can monitor your health better if he/she knows the kind of TM you are using and who prescribed it? 256 79.3 67 20.7
 Would integrating TM practice into health system make you feel safer to use TM? 249 77.1 74 22.9
Engagement with the integrated health system
 Have you ever been referred by a medical doctor to a TM practitioner? 23 7.1 300 92.9
 Have TM ever been prescribed for you at the hospital/clinic by a medical doctor? 10 3.1 313 96.9
 Have you ever been referred by a TM practitioner to a medical doctor/hospital/clinic? 7 2.2 316 97.8
 Have orthodox medicines ever been prescribed for you by a TM practitioner? 4 1.24 319 98.8