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Table 3 Total annual societal costs of informal care in Sweden, 2018 (SEK)

From: Cost analysis of informal care: estimates from a national cross-sectional survey in Sweden

Domain Cost Item Costs Share of total costs, %
A. Lost income/productivity
 A.1 Cessation of work 21,040,045,347 14
 A.2 Reduction of work hours 42,443,895,514 28
 A.3 Lost productivity while working 20,009,265,028 13
Sub-total   83,493,205,889 55
B. Direct cost of caregiving
 B.1 Caregiving time 40,998,299,353 27
 B.2 Out-of-pocket financial costs 22,529,180,952 15
 B.3 Lost sleep 5,114,705,508 3
Sub-total   68,642,185,814 45
Total societal costs   152,135,391,703  
  1. Source: Authors’ own calculations