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Table 2 Associations between age, income, education, comorbidity, travel time and hospital referral area and the odds ratios of not receiving the cancer diagnosis in CPP patients and the odds ratio of being included in CPP in cancer patients. Norway, 2015-2017. Analyses with mutual adjustment for all variables included

From: Equitable access to cancer patient pathways in Norway – a national registry-based study

  Lung Colorectal Prostate Breast
  Male Female Male Female
  CPP patients: odds ratio of not receiving the cancer diagnosis. OR (95% CI)
Age group
Under 50 4.19 (3.19-5.52) 2.89 (2.20-3.80) 2.91 (2.50-3.38) 2.29 (1.97-2.67) 2.18 (1.75-2.73) 5.97 (5.51-6.47)
50-59 1.79 (1.52-2.12) 1.31 (1.11-1.55) 1.67 (1.49-1.87) 1.47 (1.30-1.65) 1.36 (1.25-1.49) 1.76 (1.62-1.90)
60-69 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
70-79 0.88 (0.78-0.99) 0.87 (0.77-0.99) 0.86 (0.79-0.94) 0.81 (0.73-0.88) 0.71 (0.66-0.75) 1.03 (0.94-1.13)
80-90 0.97 (0.84-1.12) 1.13 (0.96-1.33) 0.78 (0.70-0.87) 0.59 (0.53-0.65) 0.50 (0.45-0.57) 0.69 (0.61-0.78)
p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Income       
Low 0.76 (0.65-0.90) 0.94 (0.77-1.14) 0.96 (0.85-1.07) 0.96 (0.85-1.09) 1.02 (0.92-1.13) 1.15 (1.05-1.26)
Medium 0.82 (0.72-0.93) 0.91 (0.76-1.10) 0.99 (0.91-1.08) 0.99 (0.89-1.12) 0.96 (0.90-1.03) 1.10 (1.02-1.18)
High 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
p-value 0.001 0.803 0.493 0.444 0.828 0.003
Education       
Low 0.69 (0.60-0.81) 0.74 (0.62-0.88) 1.03 (0.93-1.14) 1.00 (0.89-1.11) 0.85 (0.78-0.93) 1.08 (0.99-1.17)
Medium 0.80 (0.69-0.92) 0.79 (0.67-0.92) 1.00 (0.92-1.09) 0.97 (0.88-1.07) 0.90 (0.84-0.96) 0.95 (0.89-1.02)
High 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
p-value <0.001 0.003 0.54 0.955 <0.001 0.146
Comorbidity       
Low 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Medium 0.90 (0.80-1.02) 0.79 (0.69-0.91) 1.10 (0.99-1.23) 1.14 (1.01-1.29) 1.05 (0.94-1.18) 1.29 (1.11-1.49)
High 0.90 (0.77-1.05) 0.95 (0.78-1.15) 1.20 (1.05-1.38) 0.92 (0.78-1.08) 1.25 (1.06-1.48) 1.35 (1.11-1.65)
p-value 0.07 0.025 0.003 0.826 0.008 <0.001
Travel time       
Short 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Medium 1.03 (0.89-1.19) 0.92 (0.78-1.08) 1.01 (0.90-1.12) 0.93 (0.83-1.04) 0.94 (0.86-1.03) 1.13 (1.03-1.24)
Long 0.97 (0.80-1.16) 0.94 (0.76-1.16) 0.98 (0.86-1.12) 1.02 (0.89-1.18) 0.92 (0.82-1.04) 1.08 (0.95-1.23)
p-value 0.876 0.353 0.825 0.718 0.09 0.026
Hospital referral area
p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  Cancer patients: odds ratio of being included in CPP. OR (95% CI)
Age group
Under 50 1.14 (0.61-2.10) 1.05 (0.60-1.85) 0.41 (0.32-0.54) 0.48 (0.37-0.63) 0.98 (0.69-1.39) 0.98 (0.78-1.24)
50-59 1.14 (0.84-1.55) 1.07 (0.80-1.43) 0.98 (0.77-1.24) 0.83 (0.65-1.05) 0.96 (0.85-1.08) 0.98 (0.80-1.20)
60-69 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
70-79 1.02 (0.85-1.21) 0.87 (0.73-1.05) 0.99 (0.83-1.17) 1.06 (0.89-1.28) 0.84 (0.78-0.92) 1.00 (0.81-1.25)
80-90 0.55 (0.46-0.67) 0.40 (0.33-0.49) 0.73 (0.61-0.88) 0.74 (0.62-0.89) 0.34 (0.31-0.38) 1.04 (0.80-1.35)
p-value <.001 <.001 <.001 <.001 <.001 0.996
Income       
Low 0.59 (0.46-0.75) 0.64 (0.45-0.90) 0.77 (0.62-0.96) 0.85 (0.67-1.09) 0.82 (0.72-0.92) 0.77 (0.60-0.98)
Medium 0.91 (0.73-1.14) 0.73 (0.53-1.02) 0.87 (0.73-1.02) 0.88 (0.71-1.11) 0.98 (0.90-1.06) 0.99 (0.80-1.22)
High 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
p-value <0.001 0.009 0.017 0.257 0.005 0.014
Education       
Low 0.93 (0.73-1.19) 0.97 (0.74-1.28) 0.87 (0.71-1.05) 0.91 (0.75-1.11) 1.03 (0.93-1.15) 0.84 (0.67-1.05)
Medium 0.92 (0.73-1.16) 1.04 (0.80-1.36) 0.94 (0.80-1.11) 0.99 (0.83-1.19) 1.12 (1.03-1.22) 0.95 (0.78-1.14)
High 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
p-value 0.699 0.555 0.142 0.281 0.407 0.124
Comorbidity       
Low 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Medium 0.82 (0.69-0.98) 0.80 (0.67-0.96) 0.76 (0.63-0.91) 0.68 (0.55-0.83) 0.73 (0.65-0.82) 0.96 (0.67-1.40)
Much 0.58 (0.48-0.70) 0.41 (0.33-0.51) 0.56 (0.45-0.70) 0.61 (0.48-0.77) 0.50 (0.43-0.59) 0.72 (0.47-1.10)
p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.165
Travel time       
Short 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
Medium 1.09 (0.88-1.35) 1.19 (0.94-1.51) 0.96 (0.78-1.18) 0.98 (0.80-1.19) 1.06 (0.96-1.18) 1.11 (0.87-1.42)
Long 1.05 (0.80-1.37) 0.85 (0.64-1.13) 1.10 (0.85-1.43) 0.98 (0.75-1.28) 1.21 (1.06-1.39) 0.78 (0.59-1.04)
p-value 0.535 0.774 0.652 0.815 0.006 0.295
Hospital referral area       
p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  1. P-value for linear trend. OR estimates with 95% CI for the hospital referral areas are shown in Appendix B (Table B2)