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Table 4 Comparison of cognition and attitudes toward WPV among nurses in different years, n (%)

From: Trajectories of the current situation and characteristics of workplace violence among nurses: a nine-year follow-up study

Items Categories 2010 2015 2019 χ2 P P
(T1) (T2) (T3) T1-T2 T1-T3 T2-T3
Having heard of WPV before Yes 763 (81.0) 1782 (84.5) 2157 (84.7) 6.166 0.046 0.020 0.032 0.717
No 179 (19.0) 328 (15.5) 916 (16.3)      
WPV is inevitable at work Yes 712 (75.6) 1594 (75.5) 1962 (76.5) 0.625 0.732 1.000 0.591 0.470
No 230 (24.4) 516 (24.5) 604 (24.0)      
Thinking WPV is not worth the fuss Yes 132 (14.0) 264 (12.5) 374 (14.6) 4.258 0.119 0.268 0.704 0.044
No 810 (86.0) 1846 (87.5) 2192 (85.4)      
Thinking preservice training should include training programs on WPV Yes 922 (97.9) 2058 (97.5) 2457 (95.8) 16.192 <0.001 0.608 0.002 0.001
No 20 (2.1) 352 (2.5) 109 (4.2)      
Willing to attend the WPV training Yes 874 (92.8) 1968 (93.3) 2405 (93.7) 1.083 0.582 0.642 0.317 0.551
No 68 (7.2) 142 (6.7) 151 (6.3)      
Thinking training on WPV would be beneficial Yes 822 (87.3) 1851 (87.7) 2313 (90.1) 9.279 0.010 0.722 0.016 0.010
No 120 (12.7) 259 (12.3) 253 (9.9)      
Thinking WPV coping management organizations are needed Yes 903 (95.9) 2071 (98.2) 2519 (98.2) 19.082 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 1.000
No 39 (4.1) 39 (1.8) 47 (1.8)      
Supporting a “zero-tolerance” policy Yes 618 (65.6) 1882 (89.2) 2310 (90.0) 368.750 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.360
No 324 (34.4) 228 (10.8) 256 (10.0)