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Table 8 Ordered logistic regression on determinants of students’ experiences with the e-Learning project

From: Leveraging e-Learning technology to enhance pre-service training for healthcare trainees in Ghana: evidence from a pilot project and pointers to policy reforms

  Dependent variables (factor-analyzed satisfaction factors)
Independent variables Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 5
  Coef. (95 % CI) Coef. (95 % CI) Coef. (95 % CI) Coef. (95 % CI) Coef. (95 % CI)
Age − 0.21 (-0.49 0.06) − 0.16 (-0.44 0.12) 0.12 (-0.17 0.40) − 0.47 (-0.79 − 0.15)* 0.03 (-0.25 0.30)
Gender      
Female 0.62 (-1.29 2.54) 1.67 (-0.35 3.70) 0.52 (-1.48 2.51) 0.24 (-1.84 2.32) 1.66 (-0.59 3.91)
Male 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0
School      
SONAM 0.13 (-1.40 1.67) 0.70 (-1.14 2.54) 2.44 (0.42 4.47)* -1.81 (-3.91 0.28) 1.11 (-0.68 2.89)
SAHS 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0
Department      
Nursing 2.20 (-0.64 5.04) 1.78 (-1.07 4.63) -1.98 (-5.05 1.08) 3.18 (0.23 6.14)* 0.98 (-1.99 3.94)
Other departments 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0
Level of study      
1st year -1.47 (-3.67 0.73) − 0.40 (-2.72 1.92) 0.29 (-2.16 2.75) -6.08 (-9.93 -2.23)* 0.66 (-1.91 3.22)
2nd year 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0
Use of phone for e-learning      
Yes − 0.73 (-3.12 1.67) 0.162 (-2.20 2.52) − 0.02 (-2.32 2.28) 1.13 (-1.17 3.44) − 0.36 (-2.73 2.02)
No 1.0 1.0   1.0 1.0
Utilization of e-learning 0.68 (-0.94 2.30) 0.07 (-1.64 1.79) − 0.42 (-2.18 1.34) 1.74 (-0.25 3.72) − 0.30 (-2.19 1.60)
Write Interim Assessments 1.06 (-0.82 2.93) 0.90 (-1.12 2.92) 4.38 (1.54 7.22)* 1.36 (-0.89 3.61) 2.15 (-0.01 4.32)*
Download learning materials − 0.99 (-3.30 1.33) 0.25 (-2.19 2.70) -1.45 (-4.21 1.31) -2.60 (-5.56 0.36) 1.04 (-1.72 3.79)
Upload class assignments 1.67 (-1.04 4.38) 2.62 (-0.26 5.50) 1.37 (-1.56 4.30) 3.63 (-0.06 7.32)* 1.89 (-0.98 4.76)
Live chats with faculty − 0.12 (-1.87 1.64) -2.31 (-4.39 0.23)* -3.37 (-5.74 -1.00)* 1.26 (-0.82 3.33) -3.79 (-6.39 -1.20)*
Used facility ≤ 10times in a month − 0.64 (-2.75 1.47) − 0.07 (-2.27 2.14) − 0.58 (-2.87 1.71) -3.12 (-6.14 − 0.09)* -1.02 (-3.26 1.23)
Model statistics Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Log likelihood -49.01 -40.18 -41.06 -42.94 -44.04
LR chi2(12) 9.84 15.15 22.91 22.21 19.99
Prob > chi2 0.6301 0.2333 0.0285 0.0352 0.0672
Pseudo R2 0.0912 0.1586 0.2181 0.2055 0.1850
Number of obs 39 38 38 38 38
  1. Data Source: (Field Data, 2019); Legend: factor 1 (Teaching faculty responsiveness to students’ needs); factor 2 (Internet/intranet security and safety); factor 3 (Internet/intranet_ reliability); factor 4 (Content privacy in writing IAs); factor 5 (Content ease of access)
  2. Field Data (2019)