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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of patients (n = 441)

From: Awareness, expectation and satisfaction towards ward pharmacy services among patients in medical wards: a multi-centre study in Perak, Malaysia

Characteristics Frequency Percentage
Age in Mean (standard deviation) 54.9 (15.1) Range: 18–90
  < 60 years 249 56.5
 60 years and above 192 43.5
Admission events in the previous one year (Mean, standard deviation) 1.54 (1.88) Range: 0–14
 Nil 135 30.6
 1–2 (annually or half annually) 222 50.3
 3–4 (quarterly) 55 12.5
 5 or more (frequent admission) 29 6.6
Gender
 Male 248 56.2
 Female 193 43.8
Ethnicitya
 Malay 340 77.3
 Chinese 40 9.1
 Indian 53 12.0
 Others 7 1.6
Educationb
 No formal education 3 0.7
 Primary 99 22.7
 Secondary 275 62.9
 Tertiary 60 13.7
Occupation
 Private 151 34.2
 Government 41 9.3
 Retiree 99 22.4
 Student 10 2.3
 Housewife 110 24.9
 Unemployed 30 6.8
Known medical illnessc
 Yes 414 93.9
 No 27 6.1
Area of residenced
 Urban 186 42.9
 Rural 248 57.1
Household incomee
 Below RM 4360 354 82.3
 RM 4360 to RM 9619 69 16.0
 More than RM 9619 7 1.6
*Medication adherence scoresf
 Good 257 61.6
 Moderate and poor 133 31.9
 Not applicable (NKMI) 27 6.5
  1. aMissing (n = 1) bMissing (n = 4) c Missing (n = 2) dMissing (n = 7) eMissing (n = 11) fMissing (n = 24)
  2. *Medication adherence was measured using MyMAAT score, a validated assessment tool used in public hospitals of Malaysia, with score ≥ 50 considered good adherence