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Table 3 Accessibility and payment for health services and general satisfaction with health system services [percent, (n)] by sex and urban-rural areas in Mongolia, 2017-2018

From: Disparities in outpatient and inpatient utilization by rural-urban areas among older Mongolians based on a modified WHO-SAGE instrument

  Sex Residence
Male Female Rural Urban - ger Urban - apartment
Outpatient service use      
Travel mode      
Private vehicle 34.2 (53) 22.6 (75) 37.7 (86) 15.3 (17) 16.9 (25)
Public Transport 48.4 (75) 60.5 (201) 42.1 (96) 63.9 (71) 73.7 (109)
Taxi 7.7 (12) 4.5 (15) 5.3 (12) 11.7 (13) 6.1 (9)
Walk 9.7 (15) 12.4 (41) 14.9 (34) 9.0 (10) 3.4 (5)
Travel time      
<1 hour 86.9 (140) 87.9 (312) 82.1 (197) 94.2 (113) 91.0 (142)
≥1 hour 13.0 (21) 21.1 (43) 17.9 (43) 5.8 (7) 9.0 (14)
Payment      
Self or spouse 11.4 (18) 7.4 (26) 11.9 (27) 6.6 (8) 5.6 (9)
Son/daughter or other family 4.4 (7) 2.9 (10) 3.1 (7) 3.3 (4) 3.7 (6)
Insurance 6.3 (10) 4.3 (15) 10.2 (23) 0.8 (1) 0.6 (1)
Free 77.9 (123) 85.4 (299) 74.8 (169) 89.3 (108) 90.1 (145)
Inpatient service use      
Travel mode      
Private vehicle 51.8 (72) 45.9 (117) 54.2 (109) 40.0 (40) 43.0 (40)
Public Transport 9.4 (13) 14.1 (36) 6.5 (13) 22.0 (22) 15.1 (14)
Taxi 14.4 (20) 20.8 (53) 13.4 (27) 25.0 (25) 22.6 (21)
Walk 21.6 (30) 15.3 (39) 22.9 (46) 2.0 (2) 6.5 (6)
Ambulance 2.9 (2) 3.9 (10) 3.0 (6) 11.0 (11) 12.9 (12)
Travel time      
<1 hour 79.4 (108) 73.5 (186) 71.5 (143) 78.4 (76) 81.5 (75)
≥1 hour 20.6 (28) 26.5 (67) 28.5 (57) 21.7 (21) 18.5 (17)
Payment      
Self or spouse 20.0 (28) 17.5 (45) 23.0 (47) 12.0 (12) 15.0 (14)
Son/daughter or other family 2.9 (4) 8.2 (21) 4.9 (10) 7.0 (7) 8.6 (8)
Insurance 7.1 (10) 6.6 (17) 9.3 (19) 6.0 (6) 2.2 (2)
Free 70.0 (98) 67.7 (174) 62.7 (128) 75.0 (75) 74.2 (69)
General satisfaction with health system services      
Satisfied/very satisfied 71.3 (271) 67.4 (401) 75.9 (363) 61.2 (156) 63.2 (153)
Neither 21.3 (81) 24.0 (143) 21.1 (101) 25.9 (66) 23.6 (57)
Dissatisfied/very dissatisfied 7.4 (28) 8.6 (51) 2.9 (14) 12.9 (9) 13.2 (32)
Service involvement of patient in decision-making      
Satisfied/very satisfied 46.8 (178) 46.1 (274) 50.2 (240) 43.5 (111) 41.7 (101)
Neither 39.2 (149) 38.5 (229) 43.1 (207) 34.5 (88) 34.3 (83)
Dissatisfied/very dissatisfied 13.9 (53) 15.5 (92) 6.5 (31) 21.9 (56) 23.9 (58)