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Table 1 Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics in Mongolia, 2017-2018

From: Disparities in outpatient and inpatient utilization by rural-urban areas among older Mongolians based on a modified WHO-SAGE instrument

Attributes Percent (n=975)
Rural areas
(n=478)
Urban areas
ger (n=255) apartment (n=242)
Sex Male 43.9 (210) 34.9 (89) 33.5 (81)
  Female 56.1 (268) 65.1 (166) 66.5 (161)
Age Group 60-69 62.6 (299) 69.4 (177) 47.1 (114)
  70-79 28.7 (137) 27.8 (71) 35.1 (85)
  80+ 8.8 (42) 2.8 (7) 17.8 (43)
Marital Status Married/Cohabiting 63.8 (305) 51.8 (132) 53.7 (130)
Not married* 5.4 (26) 3.1 (8) 2.9 (7)
Widowed 30.8 (147) 45.1 (115) 43.4 (105)
Ethnicity Mongol 99.4 (475) 86.7 (221) 94.2 (228)
  Kazak 0.2 (1) 11.8 (30) 3.7 (9)
  Other 0.4 (2) 1.6 (4) 2.1 (5)
Religion None 17.2 (82) 35.7 (91) 35.5 (86)
  Buddhist 81.2 (388) 57.7 (147) 60.7 (147)
  Other 1.0 (5) 6.7 (17) 3.3 (8)
  Missing (3) (0) (1)
Educational Attainment No formal education 5.1 (24) 1.6 (4) 1.6 (4)
Primary school 33.8 (159) 7.2 (18) 5.0 (12)
  Secondary school 22.8 (107) 29.5 (74) 19.0 (46)
  High school 12.6 (59) 15.5 (39) 19.4 (47)
  Tertiary or higher 25.7 (121) 46.2 (116) 55.0 (133)
  Missing (8) (4) (0)
Economic Tertiles Tertile 1 (lowest) 41.6 (162) 29.4 (68) 24.9 (48)
Tertile 2 39.6 (154) 29.0 (67) 22.3 (43)
Tertile 3 (highest) 18.8 (73) 41.6 (96) 52.9 (102)
Missing (89) (24) (49)
  1. *includes never married (n=12) and separated/divorced (n=14)
  2. includes Khalkh, Dorwod, Bayad, Buriad, Zachin, Dariganga
  3. ‡ includes Kazak and the minority Turkic ethnicity Urianhai