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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample

From: Referral patterns to outpatient child and adolescent mental health services and factors associated with referrals being rejected. A cross-sectional observational study

  Total sample Accepted Rejected P-value
N % N % N %  
1825 100 1363 74.7 462 25.3  
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Boys 989 (54.2) 745 (54.7) 244 (52.8) 0.49
 Median age (IQR) 13.5 (9.5–16.0) 13.6 (9.6–16.0) 13.3 (8.8–15.7) 0.07
 Placement in care 135 (7.4) 79 (5.8) 56 (12.1) < 0.001
Previous contact for mental health problems
 Previously referred, but referral rejected 202 (11.1) 144 (10.6) 58 (12.6) 0.24
 Previously assessed for a mental disorder 452 (24.8) 357 (26.2) 95 (20.6) 0.02
Referral source
 General practitioner 983 (53.9) 638 (46.8) 345 (74.7) < 0.001
 Other medical doctor 173 (9.5) 141 (10.3) 32 (6.9) 0.04
 Educational psychologist 568 (31.1) 506 (37.1) 62 (13.4) < 0.001
 Case worker social services 101 (5.5) 78 (5.7) 23 (5.0) 0.56
Primary referral diagnosis
 Affective disorder 255 (14.0) 213 (15.6) 42 (9.1) < 0.001
 Anxiety disorder 212 (11.6) 149 (10.9) 63 (13.6) 0.12
 Reactions to severe stress and adjustment disorders 98 (5.4) 89 (6.5) 9 (2.0) < 0.001
 Eating disorder 90 (4.9) 70 (5.1) 20 (4.3) 0.49
 Autism spectrum disorder 409 (22.4) 351 (25.8) 58 (12.6) < 0.001
 Attention Deficit disorder (ADHD/ADD) 509 (27.9) 385 (28.3) 124 (26.8) 0.56
 Other 168 (9.2) 101 (7.4) 67 (14.5) < 0.001
 Unspecified 84 (4.6) 5 (0.4) 79 (17.1) < 0.001