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Table 1 Summary of family and carer focused practices from survey instruments, concepts of practice from the literature and practice audit tools

From: Mental health service engagement with family and carers: what practices are fundamental?

Family and carer practices Survey instruments Research Practice audit tools
Carer experience survey [34] FFP workforce questionnaire [35] CUES-C [36] Practice standards [37] FF practice review [38] Conceptual-ising FFP [39] File audit [40] Think family audit [41]
1. Identify and acknowledge family and carers Access and Engagement    Acknowledge Parenthood status (including carer and children)    Acknowledge Parenthood status (including carer and children) Acknowledge Parenthood status (including carer and children)
2. Engage and communicate with family and carers Access and Engagement. Engagement issues   Engaging with carer or children Coordinated system of care between family & services Genuine communication Engaging with carer or children Engaging with carer or children
3. Involve family member/carer in planning/ collaboration Involvement in Treatment
Identification of Carers.
Planning for Ongoing Care
  Involvement in planning of treatment and care Recognition/input of carer and children into planning (e.g. service user recovery, risk plan Family care planning & goal setting Collaborative care and treatment planning Invite input of carer and children into treatment planning Invite input of carer and children into treatment planning
4. Assessment of family member/ carer needs   Assessing the impact on the child
Connectedness
  Strength/Risk assessment to children/
Dependent
Assessment of family members   Strength/Risk assessment to children/
dependent
Strength/Risk assessment to children/
dependent
5. Provide or offer ongoing support to family and carers   Support to carers and children
Parenting and mental illness
Support for carers Family support Instrumental, emotional & social support Practical support to the family Family support Family support
6. Provide psycho-education to family and carers   Family and parenting support Information about mental illness and its effects Psychoeducation Psycho-education to family members Awareness raising and education Psycho-
education
Psycho-
Education
7. Provide or recommend referrals of family and carers to another service   Provide referrals   Use of other services for carer or children Liaison between family & services   Use of other services regarding needs of carer or children Use of other services regarding needs of carer or children