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Table 5 Factors associated with safety measures of health care workers

From: Capacity development and safety measures for health care workers exposed to COVID-19 in Bangladesh

Explanatory variable Odds ratio 95% CI P Value Odds ratio 95% CI P Value Odds Ratio 95% CI P value
Outcome: Safety measures Performed SARS-CoV-2 test a Exhausted treating COVID-19 patients a Possibility of getting infected by COVID-19 a
Gender
 Male [1] Reference    [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 Female 0.86 0.60–1.24 0.43 1.30 0.83–2.03 0.25 0.94 0.66–1.35 0.74
Age (years)
 Up to 30 [1] Reference    [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 31–40 1.04 0.73–1.47 0.84 0.87 0.58–1.31 0.51 1.24 0.89–1.74 0.20
 41–50 0.66 0.36–1.20 0.17 0.67 0.35–1.30 0.24 0.67 0.37–1.22 0.19
 Above 50 0.16 0.03–0.74 0.02 0.28 0.10–0.79 0.02 0.67 0.24–1.84 0.44
Profession
 Physician [1] Reference    [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 Nurse 0.89 0.50–1.56 0.68 0.76 0.41–1.41 0.38 1.75 1.00–3.04 0.05
 Support staff 1.95 1.17–3.28 0.01 4.37 2.25–8.51 0.001 1.17 0.71–1.93 0.55
 M. technologists 0.98 0.46–2.08 0.95 8.77 3.14–24.47 0.001 1.61 0.77–3.37 0.21
Participation in IPC trainings
 No [1] Reference    [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 Yes 1.46 1.02–2.07 0.04 1.50 0.98–2.29 0.06 0.95 0.67–1.35 0.77
Still receiving IPC trainings
 No [1] Reference    [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 Yes 0.98 0.65–1.49 0.94 0.54 0.34–0.86 0.001 1.22 0.81–1.83 0.35
Read COVID-19 related guidelines
 No [1] Reference    [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 Yes 3.31 2.14–5.12 0.01 0.65 0.40–1.07 0.09 0.44 0.29–0.67 0.001
Hospitals had a sufficient supply of PPE
 Strongly agree [1] Reference    [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 Agee 0.45 0.24–0.86 0.02 1.49 0.77–2.92 0.24 1.42 0.76–2.66 0.28
 Disagree 0.55 0.27–1.13 0.10 2.81 1.28–6.17 0.01 2.68 1.31–5.51 0.01
 Strongly disagree 0.26 0.11–0.61 0.01 7.68 2.59–22.73 0.001 5.05 2.15–11.89 0.001
All HCWs received PPEs
 No [1] Reference    [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 Yes 1.59 1.07–2.37 0.02 0.67 0.42–1.05 0.08 1.34 0.90–1.99 0.15
Duty roster
 Every day     [1] Reference    [1] Reference   
 7 days 1.69 1.13–2.54 0.01 2.45 1.55–3.85 0.001 1.11 0.75–1.65 0.59
 10 days 2.39 1.50–3.81 0.01 3.05 1.81–5.15 0.001 1.45 0.92–2.30 0.11
 14 days 1.36 0.62–3.02 0.45 2.56 0.94–6.96 0.07 1.02 0.47–2.18 0.97
HCWs’ exhaustion treating COVID-19
 No [1] Reference       [1] Reference   
 Yes with some reasons 1.31 0.89–1.92 0.18     1.98 1.38–2.86 0.001
  1. aPlease see Supplementary file 2 for categories of responses for logistic regressions; IPC Infection prevention and control